Psychometric properties of the Questionnaire for Secondary Traumatization

Background: During the past several years, there has been a growing interest in the negative effects that providing therapy may have on therapists. Of special interest is a phenomenon called secondary traumatization, which can arise while working with traumatized clients. To develop a simple screeni...

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Main Authors: Katharina Weitkamp, Judith K. Daniels, Fionna Klasen
Format: Article
Language:English
Published: Taylor & Francis Group 2014-01-01
Series:European Journal of Psychotraumatology
Subjects:
Online Access:http://www.ejpt.net/index.php/ejpt/article/download/21875/pdf_1
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spelling doaj-0a9b707235c347f4b0d933427c3b230e2020-11-24T21:47:21ZengTaylor & Francis GroupEuropean Journal of Psychotraumatology2000-80662014-01-015011110.3402/ejpt.v5.2187521875Psychometric properties of the Questionnaire for Secondary TraumatizationKatharina Weitkamp0Judith K. Daniels1Fionna Klasen2Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Psychotherapy, and Psychosomatics, University Medical Centre Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg, GermanyDepartment of Psychiatry, Universitätsmedizin Charité, Berlin, GermanyDepartment of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Psychotherapy, and Psychosomatics, University Medical Centre Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg, GermanyBackground: During the past several years, there has been a growing interest in the negative effects that providing therapy may have on therapists. Of special interest is a phenomenon called secondary traumatization, which can arise while working with traumatized clients. To develop a simple screening tool for secondary traumatization, a quantitative assessment instrument was constructed using a data-driven approach based on qualitative interviews with affected trauma therapists as well as experienced supervisors in trauma therapy. Objective: The aim of the current study was to analyze the psychometric properties of the newly developed Questionnaire for Secondary Traumatization (FST) acute and lifetime version and to determine the most appropriate scoring procedure. Method: To this end, three independent samples of psychotherapists (n=371), trauma therapists in training (n=80), and refugee counselors (n=197) filled out an online questionnaire battery. Data structure was analyzed using factor analyses, cluster analyses, and reliability analyses. Results: Factor analyses yielded a six-factor structure for both the acute and the lifetime version with only a small number of items loading on differing factors. Cluster analyses suggested a single scale structure of the questionnaire. The FST total score showed good internal consistencies across all three samples, while internal consistency of the six extracted factors was mixed. Conclusion: With the FST, a reliable screening instrument for acute and lifetime secondary traumatization is now available which is free of charge and yields a sum score for quick evaluation. The six-factor structure needs to be verified with confirmatory factor analyses.www.ejpt.net/index.php/ejpt/article/download/21875/pdf_1Secondary traumatizationpsychometric propertiesquestionnairecompassion fatigueburnoutvicarious traumatization
collection DOAJ
language English
format Article
sources DOAJ
author Katharina Weitkamp
Judith K. Daniels
Fionna Klasen
spellingShingle Katharina Weitkamp
Judith K. Daniels
Fionna Klasen
Psychometric properties of the Questionnaire for Secondary Traumatization
European Journal of Psychotraumatology
Secondary traumatization
psychometric properties
questionnaire
compassion fatigue
burnout
vicarious traumatization
author_facet Katharina Weitkamp
Judith K. Daniels
Fionna Klasen
author_sort Katharina Weitkamp
title Psychometric properties of the Questionnaire for Secondary Traumatization
title_short Psychometric properties of the Questionnaire for Secondary Traumatization
title_full Psychometric properties of the Questionnaire for Secondary Traumatization
title_fullStr Psychometric properties of the Questionnaire for Secondary Traumatization
title_full_unstemmed Psychometric properties of the Questionnaire for Secondary Traumatization
title_sort psychometric properties of the questionnaire for secondary traumatization
publisher Taylor & Francis Group
series European Journal of Psychotraumatology
issn 2000-8066
publishDate 2014-01-01
description Background: During the past several years, there has been a growing interest in the negative effects that providing therapy may have on therapists. Of special interest is a phenomenon called secondary traumatization, which can arise while working with traumatized clients. To develop a simple screening tool for secondary traumatization, a quantitative assessment instrument was constructed using a data-driven approach based on qualitative interviews with affected trauma therapists as well as experienced supervisors in trauma therapy. Objective: The aim of the current study was to analyze the psychometric properties of the newly developed Questionnaire for Secondary Traumatization (FST) acute and lifetime version and to determine the most appropriate scoring procedure. Method: To this end, three independent samples of psychotherapists (n=371), trauma therapists in training (n=80), and refugee counselors (n=197) filled out an online questionnaire battery. Data structure was analyzed using factor analyses, cluster analyses, and reliability analyses. Results: Factor analyses yielded a six-factor structure for both the acute and the lifetime version with only a small number of items loading on differing factors. Cluster analyses suggested a single scale structure of the questionnaire. The FST total score showed good internal consistencies across all three samples, while internal consistency of the six extracted factors was mixed. Conclusion: With the FST, a reliable screening instrument for acute and lifetime secondary traumatization is now available which is free of charge and yields a sum score for quick evaluation. The six-factor structure needs to be verified with confirmatory factor analyses.
topic Secondary traumatization
psychometric properties
questionnaire
compassion fatigue
burnout
vicarious traumatization
url http://www.ejpt.net/index.php/ejpt/article/download/21875/pdf_1
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