Evaluating the relationship between smartphone addiction/overuse and musculoskeletal pain among medical students at Qassim University

Background: Smartphone use has greatly increased in recent days, and most of the daily tasks are done through these devices. As a result, long time use may involve bad posture that may result in musculoskeletal pain. Therefore, it is important to evaluate the association between addiction/overuse of...

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Main Authors: Abdullah M Alsalameh, Mohammad J Harisi, Muath A Alduayji, Abdullah A Almutham, Farid M Mahmood
Format: Article
Language:English
Published: Wolters Kluwer Medknow Publications 2019-01-01
Series:Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
Subjects:
Online Access:http://www.jfmpc.com/article.asp?issn=2249-4863;year=2019;volume=8;issue=9;spage=2953;epage=2959;aulast=Alsalameh
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spelling doaj-18c5409ab92b431f804db442e77cb23c2020-11-25T01:23:25ZengWolters Kluwer Medknow PublicationsJournal of Family Medicine and Primary Care2249-48632019-01-01892953295910.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_665_19Evaluating the relationship between smartphone addiction/overuse and musculoskeletal pain among medical students at Qassim UniversityAbdullah M AlsalamehMohammad J HarisiMuath A AlduayjiAbdullah A AlmuthamFarid M MahmoodBackground: Smartphone use has greatly increased in recent days, and most of the daily tasks are done through these devices. As a result, long time use may involve bad posture that may result in musculoskeletal pain. Therefore, it is important to evaluate the association between addiction/overuse of smartphones and musculoskeletal pain. Aim: To determine the prevalence of addictive/overuse of smartphones among medical students and to investigate if there is an association between smartphone addiction and musculoskeletal pain. Method: A cross-sectional study conducted at Qassim University, medical college. The Smartphone Addiction Scale Short Version (SAS-SV) was used to measure the level of smartphone addiction while the Nordic musculoskeletal questionnaire (NMQ) was utilized to evaluate the musculoskeletal pain. Results: The prevalence of smartphone addiction among medical students was relatively high (60.3%). The most frequent pain related to smartphone addiction was in the neck (60.8%), followed by lower back (46.8%), shoulder (40.0%). The academic year level was statistically associated with the level of smartphone addiction. Moreover, we found a significant relationship between musculoskeletal pain and smartphone addiction at certain body regions, neck, wrist/hand and knees, Other musculoskeletal parameters included in the test were found to have no statistically significant association. Conclusion: More than half of the medical students identified as addicted to smartphones. The most common musculoskeletal pain was the neck, lower back, and shoulder. The academic year level found to have a significant association with the level of smartphone addiction while musculoskeletal pain such as neck, wrist, and knee were the independent significant factors of smartphone addiction; therefore, it is important to educate the community about the effect of being addicted to smartphone use in order to prevent the consequences of this behavior.http://www.jfmpc.com/article.asp?issn=2249-4863;year=2019;volume=8;issue=9;spage=2953;epage=2959;aulast=AlsalamehAddictionmedical studentsmusculoskeletal painNordic musculoskeletal questionnairesmartphoneSmartphone Addiction Scale Short Version
collection DOAJ
language English
format Article
sources DOAJ
author Abdullah M Alsalameh
Mohammad J Harisi
Muath A Alduayji
Abdullah A Almutham
Farid M Mahmood
spellingShingle Abdullah M Alsalameh
Mohammad J Harisi
Muath A Alduayji
Abdullah A Almutham
Farid M Mahmood
Evaluating the relationship between smartphone addiction/overuse and musculoskeletal pain among medical students at Qassim University
Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
Addiction
medical students
musculoskeletal pain
Nordic musculoskeletal questionnaire
smartphone
Smartphone Addiction Scale Short Version
author_facet Abdullah M Alsalameh
Mohammad J Harisi
Muath A Alduayji
Abdullah A Almutham
Farid M Mahmood
author_sort Abdullah M Alsalameh
title Evaluating the relationship between smartphone addiction/overuse and musculoskeletal pain among medical students at Qassim University
title_short Evaluating the relationship between smartphone addiction/overuse and musculoskeletal pain among medical students at Qassim University
title_full Evaluating the relationship between smartphone addiction/overuse and musculoskeletal pain among medical students at Qassim University
title_fullStr Evaluating the relationship between smartphone addiction/overuse and musculoskeletal pain among medical students at Qassim University
title_full_unstemmed Evaluating the relationship between smartphone addiction/overuse and musculoskeletal pain among medical students at Qassim University
title_sort evaluating the relationship between smartphone addiction/overuse and musculoskeletal pain among medical students at qassim university
publisher Wolters Kluwer Medknow Publications
series Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
issn 2249-4863
publishDate 2019-01-01
description Background: Smartphone use has greatly increased in recent days, and most of the daily tasks are done through these devices. As a result, long time use may involve bad posture that may result in musculoskeletal pain. Therefore, it is important to evaluate the association between addiction/overuse of smartphones and musculoskeletal pain. Aim: To determine the prevalence of addictive/overuse of smartphones among medical students and to investigate if there is an association between smartphone addiction and musculoskeletal pain. Method: A cross-sectional study conducted at Qassim University, medical college. The Smartphone Addiction Scale Short Version (SAS-SV) was used to measure the level of smartphone addiction while the Nordic musculoskeletal questionnaire (NMQ) was utilized to evaluate the musculoskeletal pain. Results: The prevalence of smartphone addiction among medical students was relatively high (60.3%). The most frequent pain related to smartphone addiction was in the neck (60.8%), followed by lower back (46.8%), shoulder (40.0%). The academic year level was statistically associated with the level of smartphone addiction. Moreover, we found a significant relationship between musculoskeletal pain and smartphone addiction at certain body regions, neck, wrist/hand and knees, Other musculoskeletal parameters included in the test were found to have no statistically significant association. Conclusion: More than half of the medical students identified as addicted to smartphones. The most common musculoskeletal pain was the neck, lower back, and shoulder. The academic year level found to have a significant association with the level of smartphone addiction while musculoskeletal pain such as neck, wrist, and knee were the independent significant factors of smartphone addiction; therefore, it is important to educate the community about the effect of being addicted to smartphone use in order to prevent the consequences of this behavior.
topic Addiction
medical students
musculoskeletal pain
Nordic musculoskeletal questionnaire
smartphone
Smartphone Addiction Scale Short Version
url http://www.jfmpc.com/article.asp?issn=2249-4863;year=2019;volume=8;issue=9;spage=2953;epage=2959;aulast=Alsalameh
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