Water and Wastewater Treatment Systems by Novel Integrated Membrane Distillation (MD)

The scarcity of freshwater has been recognized as one of the main challenges people must overcome in the 21st century. The adoption of an environmentally friendly, cost-effective, and energy-efficient membrane distillation (MD) process can mitigate the pollution caused by industrial and domestic was...

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Main Authors: Parisa Biniaz, Niloofar Torabi Ardekani, Mohammad Amin Makarem, Mohammad Reza Rahimpour
Format: Article
Language:English
Published: MDPI AG 2019-01-01
Series:ChemEngineering
Subjects:
Online Access:http://www.mdpi.com/2305-7084/3/1/8
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spelling doaj-1dec837c4c5f45a7b698e1943a5e52052020-11-25T01:48:38ZengMDPI AGChemEngineering2305-70842019-01-0131810.3390/chemengineering3010008chemengineering3010008Water and Wastewater Treatment Systems by Novel Integrated Membrane Distillation (MD)Parisa Biniaz0Niloofar Torabi Ardekani1Mohammad Amin Makarem2Mohammad Reza Rahimpour3Department of Chemical Engineering, Shiraz University, Shiraz 71345, IranDepartment of Chemical Engineering, Shiraz University, Shiraz 71345, IranDepartment of Chemical Engineering, Shiraz University, Shiraz 71345, IranDepartment of Chemical Engineering, Shiraz University, Shiraz 71345, IranThe scarcity of freshwater has been recognized as one of the main challenges people must overcome in the 21st century. The adoption of an environmentally friendly, cost-effective, and energy-efficient membrane distillation (MD) process can mitigate the pollution caused by industrial and domestic wastes. MD is a thermally driven process based on vapor–liquid equilibrium, in which the separation process takes place throughout a microporous hydrophobic membrane. The present paper offers a comprehensive review of the state-of-the-art MD technology covering the MD applications in wastewater treatment. In addition, the important and sophisticated recent advances in MD technology from the perspectives of membrane characteristics and preparation, membrane configurations, membrane wetting, fouling, and renewable heat sources have been presented and discussed.http://www.mdpi.com/2305-7084/3/1/8membrane distillationwastewater treatmentmembrane configurationfouling renewable heat sources
collection DOAJ
language English
format Article
sources DOAJ
author Parisa Biniaz
Niloofar Torabi Ardekani
Mohammad Amin Makarem
Mohammad Reza Rahimpour
spellingShingle Parisa Biniaz
Niloofar Torabi Ardekani
Mohammad Amin Makarem
Mohammad Reza Rahimpour
Water and Wastewater Treatment Systems by Novel Integrated Membrane Distillation (MD)
ChemEngineering
membrane distillation
wastewater treatment
membrane configuration
fouling renewable heat sources
author_facet Parisa Biniaz
Niloofar Torabi Ardekani
Mohammad Amin Makarem
Mohammad Reza Rahimpour
author_sort Parisa Biniaz
title Water and Wastewater Treatment Systems by Novel Integrated Membrane Distillation (MD)
title_short Water and Wastewater Treatment Systems by Novel Integrated Membrane Distillation (MD)
title_full Water and Wastewater Treatment Systems by Novel Integrated Membrane Distillation (MD)
title_fullStr Water and Wastewater Treatment Systems by Novel Integrated Membrane Distillation (MD)
title_full_unstemmed Water and Wastewater Treatment Systems by Novel Integrated Membrane Distillation (MD)
title_sort water and wastewater treatment systems by novel integrated membrane distillation (md)
publisher MDPI AG
series ChemEngineering
issn 2305-7084
publishDate 2019-01-01
description The scarcity of freshwater has been recognized as one of the main challenges people must overcome in the 21st century. The adoption of an environmentally friendly, cost-effective, and energy-efficient membrane distillation (MD) process can mitigate the pollution caused by industrial and domestic wastes. MD is a thermally driven process based on vapor–liquid equilibrium, in which the separation process takes place throughout a microporous hydrophobic membrane. The present paper offers a comprehensive review of the state-of-the-art MD technology covering the MD applications in wastewater treatment. In addition, the important and sophisticated recent advances in MD technology from the perspectives of membrane characteristics and preparation, membrane configurations, membrane wetting, fouling, and renewable heat sources have been presented and discussed.
topic membrane distillation
wastewater treatment
membrane configuration
fouling renewable heat sources
url http://www.mdpi.com/2305-7084/3/1/8
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AT mohammadaminmakarem waterandwastewatertreatmentsystemsbynovelintegratedmembranedistillationmd
AT mohammadrezarahimpour waterandwastewatertreatmentsystemsbynovelintegratedmembranedistillationmd
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