Development and assessment of the psychometric properties of a compassionate care questionnaire for nurses

Abstract Background Compassionate care is emphasized within professional ethics codes for nursing and is a key indicator of care quality. The purpose of the present study is to develop and assess the psychometric properties of a compassionate care instrument for nurses. Methods This methodological s...

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Main Authors: Banafsheh Tehranineshat, Mahnaz Rakhshan, Camellia Torabizadeh, Mohammad Fararouei, Mark Gillespie
Format: Article
Language:English
Published: BMC 2021-10-01
Series:BMC Nursing
Subjects:
Online Access:https://doi.org/10.1186/s12912-021-00691-3
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spelling doaj-29103c92c2ad44a5b6807b793e4a940a2021-10-10T11:09:22ZengBMCBMC Nursing1472-69552021-10-0120111210.1186/s12912-021-00691-3Development and assessment of the psychometric properties of a compassionate care questionnaire for nursesBanafsheh Tehranineshat0Mahnaz Rakhshan1Camellia Torabizadeh2Mohammad Fararouei3Mark Gillespie4Community Based Psychiatric Care Research Center, Department of Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shiraz University of Medical SciencesCommunity Based Psychiatric Care Research Center, Department of Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shiraz University of Medical SciencesCommunity Based Psychiatric Care Research Center, Department of Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shiraz University of Medical SciencesDepartment of Epidemiology, Shiraz University of Medical SciencesSchool of Health Nursing and Midwifery, University of the West of ScotlandAbstract Background Compassionate care is emphasized within professional ethics codes for nursing and is a key indicator of care quality. The purpose of the present study is to develop and assess the psychometric properties of a compassionate care instrument for nurses. Methods This methodological study was carried out in two phases -qualitative and quantitative-from February 2016 to October 2018. In the qualitative stage of the study, a content analysis approach was used to establish the concept of compassionate care through interviews with nurses, patients, and family caregivers. The initial draft of the questionnaire was developed based on the qualitative findings and a subsequent review of the literature. In the second phase, the psychometric properties of the questionnaire were assessed for validity and reliability. Data analysis was performed using descriptive and inferential statistics in SPSS v.16. Results From the results of the qualitative phase and review of literature, 80 items were extracted. In the quantitative phase, after evaluation of the face and content validity, 40 items were kept. After measurement of the construct validity, 28 items whose factor loading was above 0.4 were retained. Measurement of convergent validity showed a moderate correlation between the questionnaire and the nurses’ caring behaviors scale (r = 0.67, P = 0.01). The reliability of the 28-item questionnaire was tested by measuring its Cronbach’s alpha coefficient and intra-class correlation coefficient which were found to be 0.91 and 0.94 for the whole questionnaire, respectively. Conclusion The questionnaire has enough validity and reliability to be used for measuring the nurses’ compassionate care. Therefore, the instrument can be used to measure and record the quality of nursing care.https://doi.org/10.1186/s12912-021-00691-3CompassionNursing careQuestionnaire developmentPsychometric propertiesNurses
collection DOAJ
language English
format Article
sources DOAJ
author Banafsheh Tehranineshat
Mahnaz Rakhshan
Camellia Torabizadeh
Mohammad Fararouei
Mark Gillespie
spellingShingle Banafsheh Tehranineshat
Mahnaz Rakhshan
Camellia Torabizadeh
Mohammad Fararouei
Mark Gillespie
Development and assessment of the psychometric properties of a compassionate care questionnaire for nurses
BMC Nursing
Compassion
Nursing care
Questionnaire development
Psychometric properties
Nurses
author_facet Banafsheh Tehranineshat
Mahnaz Rakhshan
Camellia Torabizadeh
Mohammad Fararouei
Mark Gillespie
author_sort Banafsheh Tehranineshat
title Development and assessment of the psychometric properties of a compassionate care questionnaire for nurses
title_short Development and assessment of the psychometric properties of a compassionate care questionnaire for nurses
title_full Development and assessment of the psychometric properties of a compassionate care questionnaire for nurses
title_fullStr Development and assessment of the psychometric properties of a compassionate care questionnaire for nurses
title_full_unstemmed Development and assessment of the psychometric properties of a compassionate care questionnaire for nurses
title_sort development and assessment of the psychometric properties of a compassionate care questionnaire for nurses
publisher BMC
series BMC Nursing
issn 1472-6955
publishDate 2021-10-01
description Abstract Background Compassionate care is emphasized within professional ethics codes for nursing and is a key indicator of care quality. The purpose of the present study is to develop and assess the psychometric properties of a compassionate care instrument for nurses. Methods This methodological study was carried out in two phases -qualitative and quantitative-from February 2016 to October 2018. In the qualitative stage of the study, a content analysis approach was used to establish the concept of compassionate care through interviews with nurses, patients, and family caregivers. The initial draft of the questionnaire was developed based on the qualitative findings and a subsequent review of the literature. In the second phase, the psychometric properties of the questionnaire were assessed for validity and reliability. Data analysis was performed using descriptive and inferential statistics in SPSS v.16. Results From the results of the qualitative phase and review of literature, 80 items were extracted. In the quantitative phase, after evaluation of the face and content validity, 40 items were kept. After measurement of the construct validity, 28 items whose factor loading was above 0.4 were retained. Measurement of convergent validity showed a moderate correlation between the questionnaire and the nurses’ caring behaviors scale (r = 0.67, P = 0.01). The reliability of the 28-item questionnaire was tested by measuring its Cronbach’s alpha coefficient and intra-class correlation coefficient which were found to be 0.91 and 0.94 for the whole questionnaire, respectively. Conclusion The questionnaire has enough validity and reliability to be used for measuring the nurses’ compassionate care. Therefore, the instrument can be used to measure and record the quality of nursing care.
topic Compassion
Nursing care
Questionnaire development
Psychometric properties
Nurses
url https://doi.org/10.1186/s12912-021-00691-3
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