Examining the Validity and Reliability of the Cardiovascular Disease Questionnaire in Measuring the Empowerment of Elderly Patients to Receive Social Support

Objectives: Increased problems associated with aging and cardiovascular disorders can negatively influence the elderly empowerment in lifestyle management. Cardiovascular diseases impose economic, social, and psychological burdens in the form of direct and indirect health costs, which resul...

Full description

Bibliographic Details
Main Authors: Maryam Musavinasab, Maryam Ravanipour, Shahnaz Pouladi, Niloofar Motamed, Maryam Barekat
Format: Article
Language:fas
Published: University of Social Welfare & Rehabilitation Sciences 2016-07-01
Series:Sālmand
Subjects:
Online Access:http://salmandj.uswr.ac.ir/browse.php?a_code=A-10-1398-2&slc_lang=en&sid=1
id doaj-2f10cd84619248e3a897b865acd71829
record_format Article
spelling doaj-2f10cd84619248e3a897b865acd718292020-11-24T23:30:06ZfasUniversity of Social Welfare & Rehabilitation SciencesSālmand1735-806X1735-806X2016-07-01112258269Examining the Validity and Reliability of the Cardiovascular Disease Questionnaire in Measuring the Empowerment of Elderly Patients to Receive Social SupportMaryam Musavinasab0Maryam Ravanipour1Shahnaz Pouladi2Niloofar Motamed3Maryam Barekat4 Department of Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences, Bushehr, Iran. Department of Nursing, School of Nursing & Midwifery, Persian Gulf Tropical Medicine Research Center, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences, Bushehr, Iran. Department of Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences, Bushehr, Iran. Department of Community Medicine, School of Medicine, Persian Gulf Nuclear Medicine Research Center, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences, Bushehr, Iran. Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences, Bushehr, Iran. Objectives: Increased problems associated with aging and cardiovascular disorders can negatively influence the elderly empowerment in lifestyle management. Cardiovascular diseases impose economic, social, and psychological burdens in the form of direct and indirect health costs, which results in the loss of empowerment and quality of life in the elderly population. Therefore, it is important to develop a valid and reliable instrument that can effectively measure the empowerment of elderly patients with cardiovascular disease to receive social support.  Methods & Materials: In this descriptive study, the psychometric design of the questionnaire was developed and evaluated based on the following four steps: 1) the concept of empowering the elderly patients with cardiovascular disease in receiving social support was clearly defined after reviewing certain related books and articles; 2) the questionnaire items were designed using resources in Iran and elsewhere; 3) the psychometrics, content validity, and face validity of the questionnaire were examined by ten experts from different universities; and 4) internal consistency of the questionnaire was checked by determining the Cronbach's alpha coefficient, and external reliability was checked by conducting test-retest.  Results: The empowerment of elderly patients’ in receiving social support was determined in seven domains including awareness of personal changes, role playing, adaptation, independence, perceived satisfaction, being in control, and self-management. The primary version of the questionnaire was designed taking into account 35 items during the first and second stages. In the third and fourth stages of psychometric validity and reliability, four items were deleted from the questionnaire and the final version of the questionnaire consisted of 31 items. The content validity index and content validity ratio was reported to be 0.94 and 0.96, respectively. The internal and external reliability of the questionnaire was calculated as (r=0.90) and (r=0.83), respectively. Conclusion: The final questionnaire had appropriate psychometric properties. The need for further studies is suggested to measure the other types of validity, such as structure validity of the questionnaire.http://salmandj.uswr.ac.ir/browse.php?a_code=A-10-1398-2&slc_lang=en&sid=1Questionnaire Elderly Cardiovascular diseases Empowerment Social support
collection DOAJ
language fas
format Article
sources DOAJ
author Maryam Musavinasab
Maryam Ravanipour
Shahnaz Pouladi
Niloofar Motamed
Maryam Barekat
spellingShingle Maryam Musavinasab
Maryam Ravanipour
Shahnaz Pouladi
Niloofar Motamed
Maryam Barekat
Examining the Validity and Reliability of the Cardiovascular Disease Questionnaire in Measuring the Empowerment of Elderly Patients to Receive Social Support
Sālmand
Questionnaire
Elderly
Cardiovascular diseases
Empowerment
Social support
author_facet Maryam Musavinasab
Maryam Ravanipour
Shahnaz Pouladi
Niloofar Motamed
Maryam Barekat
author_sort Maryam Musavinasab
title Examining the Validity and Reliability of the Cardiovascular Disease Questionnaire in Measuring the Empowerment of Elderly Patients to Receive Social Support
title_short Examining the Validity and Reliability of the Cardiovascular Disease Questionnaire in Measuring the Empowerment of Elderly Patients to Receive Social Support
title_full Examining the Validity and Reliability of the Cardiovascular Disease Questionnaire in Measuring the Empowerment of Elderly Patients to Receive Social Support
title_fullStr Examining the Validity and Reliability of the Cardiovascular Disease Questionnaire in Measuring the Empowerment of Elderly Patients to Receive Social Support
title_full_unstemmed Examining the Validity and Reliability of the Cardiovascular Disease Questionnaire in Measuring the Empowerment of Elderly Patients to Receive Social Support
title_sort examining the validity and reliability of the cardiovascular disease questionnaire in measuring the empowerment of elderly patients to receive social support
publisher University of Social Welfare & Rehabilitation Sciences
series Sālmand
issn 1735-806X
1735-806X
publishDate 2016-07-01
description Objectives: Increased problems associated with aging and cardiovascular disorders can negatively influence the elderly empowerment in lifestyle management. Cardiovascular diseases impose economic, social, and psychological burdens in the form of direct and indirect health costs, which results in the loss of empowerment and quality of life in the elderly population. Therefore, it is important to develop a valid and reliable instrument that can effectively measure the empowerment of elderly patients with cardiovascular disease to receive social support.  Methods & Materials: In this descriptive study, the psychometric design of the questionnaire was developed and evaluated based on the following four steps: 1) the concept of empowering the elderly patients with cardiovascular disease in receiving social support was clearly defined after reviewing certain related books and articles; 2) the questionnaire items were designed using resources in Iran and elsewhere; 3) the psychometrics, content validity, and face validity of the questionnaire were examined by ten experts from different universities; and 4) internal consistency of the questionnaire was checked by determining the Cronbach's alpha coefficient, and external reliability was checked by conducting test-retest.  Results: The empowerment of elderly patients’ in receiving social support was determined in seven domains including awareness of personal changes, role playing, adaptation, independence, perceived satisfaction, being in control, and self-management. The primary version of the questionnaire was designed taking into account 35 items during the first and second stages. In the third and fourth stages of psychometric validity and reliability, four items were deleted from the questionnaire and the final version of the questionnaire consisted of 31 items. The content validity index and content validity ratio was reported to be 0.94 and 0.96, respectively. The internal and external reliability of the questionnaire was calculated as (r=0.90) and (r=0.83), respectively. Conclusion: The final questionnaire had appropriate psychometric properties. The need for further studies is suggested to measure the other types of validity, such as structure validity of the questionnaire.
topic Questionnaire
Elderly
Cardiovascular diseases
Empowerment
Social support
url http://salmandj.uswr.ac.ir/browse.php?a_code=A-10-1398-2&slc_lang=en&sid=1
work_keys_str_mv AT maryammusavinasab examiningthevalidityandreliabilityofthecardiovasculardiseasequestionnaireinmeasuringtheempowermentofelderlypatientstoreceivesocialsupport
AT maryamravanipour examiningthevalidityandreliabilityofthecardiovasculardiseasequestionnaireinmeasuringtheempowermentofelderlypatientstoreceivesocialsupport
AT shahnazpouladi examiningthevalidityandreliabilityofthecardiovasculardiseasequestionnaireinmeasuringtheempowermentofelderlypatientstoreceivesocialsupport
AT niloofarmotamed examiningthevalidityandreliabilityofthecardiovasculardiseasequestionnaireinmeasuringtheempowermentofelderlypatientstoreceivesocialsupport
AT maryambarekat examiningthevalidityandreliabilityofthecardiovasculardiseasequestionnaireinmeasuringtheempowermentofelderlypatientstoreceivesocialsupport
_version_ 1725542911418826752