Comparing smoking behavior between female-to-male and male-to-female transgender adults

Introduction This study aimed to assess the association between current smoking and gender identity among transgender individuals. Methods Data were collected using a cross-sectional survey distributed among transgender individuals attending the Houston Pride Festival and those seeking care at a lo...

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Bibliographic Details
Main Authors: Irene Tamí-Maury, Anushree Sharma, Minxing Chen, Janice Blalock, Juan Ortiz, Lou Weaver, Sanjay Shete
Format: Article
Language:English
Published: European Publishing 2020-01-01
Series:Tobacco Prevention and Cessation
Subjects:
Online Access:http://www.journalssystem.com/tpc/Comparing-smoking-behavior-between-female-to-male-and-male-to-female-transgender,114513,0,2.html
Description
Summary:Introduction This study aimed to assess the association between current smoking and gender identity among transgender individuals. Methods Data were collected using a cross-sectional survey distributed among transgender individuals attending the Houston Pride Festival and those seeking care at a local transgender health clinic. Relevant variables were compared between female-to-male (FTM) and maleto- female (MTF) transgender individuals using χ2, Fisher’s exact, and two-sample t-tests, when appropriate. Gender identity was used to predict current smoking status using logistic regression, adjusting for other sociodemographic determinants. Results The study sample (N=132) comprised 72 MTF (54.5%) and 60 FTM (45.5%) transgender individuals. Mean age of participants was 31.8 years. The sample was racially and ethnically diverse: 45.8% Caucasian, 25.2% Hispanic/Latino, 16.8% African American, and 12.2% other. Current smoking prevalence was 26.7% and 13.9% among FTM and MTF individuals, respectively. Transgender individuals were more likely to self-report current smoking if they were FTM (OR=3.76; 95% CI: 1.17–12.06; p=0.026) or were insured (OR=4.49; 95% CI: 1.53– 13.18; p=0.006). Conclusions This study reports on important findings by examining intragroup differences in smoking behavior among the transgender population. However, further research is needed for tailoring smoking prevention and cessation interventions for transgender subgroups.
ISSN:2459-3087