Comparing smoking behavior between female-to-male and male-to-female transgender adults

Introduction This study aimed to assess the association between current smoking and gender identity among transgender individuals. Methods Data were collected using a cross-sectional survey distributed among transgender individuals attending the Houston Pride Festival and those seeking care at a lo...

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Main Authors: Irene Tamí-Maury, Anushree Sharma, Minxing Chen, Janice Blalock, Juan Ortiz, Lou Weaver, Sanjay Shete
Format: Article
Language:English
Published: European Publishing 2020-01-01
Series:Tobacco Prevention and Cessation
Subjects:
Online Access:http://www.journalssystem.com/tpc/Comparing-smoking-behavior-between-female-to-male-and-male-to-female-transgender,114513,0,2.html
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spelling doaj-321fe63ce21f4b46a37ffa0d5b0a1d3e2020-11-25T02:59:52ZengEuropean PublishingTobacco Prevention and Cessation2459-30872020-01-016January10.18332/tpc/114513114513Comparing smoking behavior between female-to-male and male-to-female transgender adultsIrene Tamí-Maury0Anushree Sharma1Minxing Chen2Janice Blalock3Juan Ortiz4Lou Weaver5Sanjay Shete6Department of Epidemiology, Human Genetics and Environmental Sciences, The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston School of Public Health, United StatesDepartment of Behavioral Science, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, United StatesDepartment of Biostatistics, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, United StatesDepartment of Behavioral Science, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, United StatesDepartment of Behavioral Science, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, United StatesEquality Texas, Houston, United StatesDepartment of Biostatistics, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, United StatesIntroduction This study aimed to assess the association between current smoking and gender identity among transgender individuals. Methods Data were collected using a cross-sectional survey distributed among transgender individuals attending the Houston Pride Festival and those seeking care at a local transgender health clinic. Relevant variables were compared between female-to-male (FTM) and maleto- female (MTF) transgender individuals using χ2, Fisher’s exact, and two-sample t-tests, when appropriate. Gender identity was used to predict current smoking status using logistic regression, adjusting for other sociodemographic determinants. Results The study sample (N=132) comprised 72 MTF (54.5%) and 60 FTM (45.5%) transgender individuals. Mean age of participants was 31.8 years. The sample was racially and ethnically diverse: 45.8% Caucasian, 25.2% Hispanic/Latino, 16.8% African American, and 12.2% other. Current smoking prevalence was 26.7% and 13.9% among FTM and MTF individuals, respectively. Transgender individuals were more likely to self-report current smoking if they were FTM (OR=3.76; 95% CI: 1.17–12.06; p=0.026) or were insured (OR=4.49; 95% CI: 1.53– 13.18; p=0.006). Conclusions This study reports on important findings by examining intragroup differences in smoking behavior among the transgender population. However, further research is needed for tailoring smoking prevention and cessation interventions for transgender subgroups.http://www.journalssystem.com/tpc/Comparing-smoking-behavior-between-female-to-male-and-male-to-female-transgender,114513,0,2.htmltransgendersmoking behaviourgender identity
collection DOAJ
language English
format Article
sources DOAJ
author Irene Tamí-Maury
Anushree Sharma
Minxing Chen
Janice Blalock
Juan Ortiz
Lou Weaver
Sanjay Shete
spellingShingle Irene Tamí-Maury
Anushree Sharma
Minxing Chen
Janice Blalock
Juan Ortiz
Lou Weaver
Sanjay Shete
Comparing smoking behavior between female-to-male and male-to-female transgender adults
Tobacco Prevention and Cessation
transgender
smoking behaviour
gender identity
author_facet Irene Tamí-Maury
Anushree Sharma
Minxing Chen
Janice Blalock
Juan Ortiz
Lou Weaver
Sanjay Shete
author_sort Irene Tamí-Maury
title Comparing smoking behavior between female-to-male and male-to-female transgender adults
title_short Comparing smoking behavior between female-to-male and male-to-female transgender adults
title_full Comparing smoking behavior between female-to-male and male-to-female transgender adults
title_fullStr Comparing smoking behavior between female-to-male and male-to-female transgender adults
title_full_unstemmed Comparing smoking behavior between female-to-male and male-to-female transgender adults
title_sort comparing smoking behavior between female-to-male and male-to-female transgender adults
publisher European Publishing
series Tobacco Prevention and Cessation
issn 2459-3087
publishDate 2020-01-01
description Introduction This study aimed to assess the association between current smoking and gender identity among transgender individuals. Methods Data were collected using a cross-sectional survey distributed among transgender individuals attending the Houston Pride Festival and those seeking care at a local transgender health clinic. Relevant variables were compared between female-to-male (FTM) and maleto- female (MTF) transgender individuals using χ2, Fisher’s exact, and two-sample t-tests, when appropriate. Gender identity was used to predict current smoking status using logistic regression, adjusting for other sociodemographic determinants. Results The study sample (N=132) comprised 72 MTF (54.5%) and 60 FTM (45.5%) transgender individuals. Mean age of participants was 31.8 years. The sample was racially and ethnically diverse: 45.8% Caucasian, 25.2% Hispanic/Latino, 16.8% African American, and 12.2% other. Current smoking prevalence was 26.7% and 13.9% among FTM and MTF individuals, respectively. Transgender individuals were more likely to self-report current smoking if they were FTM (OR=3.76; 95% CI: 1.17–12.06; p=0.026) or were insured (OR=4.49; 95% CI: 1.53– 13.18; p=0.006). Conclusions This study reports on important findings by examining intragroup differences in smoking behavior among the transgender population. However, further research is needed for tailoring smoking prevention and cessation interventions for transgender subgroups.
topic transgender
smoking behaviour
gender identity
url http://www.journalssystem.com/tpc/Comparing-smoking-behavior-between-female-to-male-and-male-to-female-transgender,114513,0,2.html
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