Trends of reported human cases of brucellosis, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, 2004–2012

Human brucellosis is an important zoonotic disease and is especially concerning in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA), where livestock importation is significant. We analyzed reported human brucellosis disease trends in KSA over time to help policymakers understand the magnitude of the disease and gu...

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Main Authors: Abdulaziz D. Aloufi, Ziad A. Memish, Abdullah M. Assiri, Scott J.N. McNabb
Format: Article
Language:English
Published: Atlantis Press 2019-04-01
Series:Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health
Subjects:
Online Access:https://www.atlantis-press.com/article/125906040/view
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spelling doaj-38b9de25228441c9af415450264229192020-11-25T00:28:18ZengAtlantis PressJournal of Epidemiology and Global Health2210-60062019-04-016110.1016/j.jegh.2015.09.001Trends of reported human cases of brucellosis, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, 2004–2012Abdulaziz D. AloufiZiad A. MemishAbdullah M. AssiriScott J.N. McNabbHuman brucellosis is an important zoonotic disease and is especially concerning in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA), where livestock importation is significant. We analyzed reported human brucellosis disease trends in KSA over time to help policymakers understand the magnitude of the disease and guide the design of prevention and control measures. By using data from the national registry from 2004 to 2012, we calculated the cumulative numbers by age group and months. Trends of incidence rates (IRs) by gender, nationality, and region were also calculated. We found that there was a greater number of cases (19,130) in the 15–44 years age group than in any other age group. The IRs significantly decreased from 22.9 in 2004 [95% confidence interval (CI) = 22.3, 23.5] to 12.5 in 2012 (95% CI = 12.1, 13). Males had a significantly greater IR than females. Most cases were reported during spring and summer seasons. The IR of Saudi citizens was significantly greater than that of non-Saudis, but this difference reduced over time. The IRs of Al-Qassim, Aseer, and Hail were in the highest 25th percentile. Young, male Saudi citizens living in highly endemic areas were at greatest risk of acquiring brucellosis. We recommend vaccinating susceptible animals against brucellosis and increasing the public’s awareness of preventive measures.https://www.atlantis-press.com/article/125906040/viewBrucellosisSaudi ArabiaGlobal healthZoonoticOne Health
collection DOAJ
language English
format Article
sources DOAJ
author Abdulaziz D. Aloufi
Ziad A. Memish
Abdullah M. Assiri
Scott J.N. McNabb
spellingShingle Abdulaziz D. Aloufi
Ziad A. Memish
Abdullah M. Assiri
Scott J.N. McNabb
Trends of reported human cases of brucellosis, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, 2004–2012
Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health
Brucellosis
Saudi Arabia
Global health
Zoonotic
One Health
author_facet Abdulaziz D. Aloufi
Ziad A. Memish
Abdullah M. Assiri
Scott J.N. McNabb
author_sort Abdulaziz D. Aloufi
title Trends of reported human cases of brucellosis, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, 2004–2012
title_short Trends of reported human cases of brucellosis, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, 2004–2012
title_full Trends of reported human cases of brucellosis, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, 2004–2012
title_fullStr Trends of reported human cases of brucellosis, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, 2004–2012
title_full_unstemmed Trends of reported human cases of brucellosis, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, 2004–2012
title_sort trends of reported human cases of brucellosis, kingdom of saudi arabia, 2004–2012
publisher Atlantis Press
series Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health
issn 2210-6006
publishDate 2019-04-01
description Human brucellosis is an important zoonotic disease and is especially concerning in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA), where livestock importation is significant. We analyzed reported human brucellosis disease trends in KSA over time to help policymakers understand the magnitude of the disease and guide the design of prevention and control measures. By using data from the national registry from 2004 to 2012, we calculated the cumulative numbers by age group and months. Trends of incidence rates (IRs) by gender, nationality, and region were also calculated. We found that there was a greater number of cases (19,130) in the 15–44 years age group than in any other age group. The IRs significantly decreased from 22.9 in 2004 [95% confidence interval (CI) = 22.3, 23.5] to 12.5 in 2012 (95% CI = 12.1, 13). Males had a significantly greater IR than females. Most cases were reported during spring and summer seasons. The IR of Saudi citizens was significantly greater than that of non-Saudis, but this difference reduced over time. The IRs of Al-Qassim, Aseer, and Hail were in the highest 25th percentile. Young, male Saudi citizens living in highly endemic areas were at greatest risk of acquiring brucellosis. We recommend vaccinating susceptible animals against brucellosis and increasing the public’s awareness of preventive measures.
topic Brucellosis
Saudi Arabia
Global health
Zoonotic
One Health
url https://www.atlantis-press.com/article/125906040/view
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