Optimization of Esterification Palm Fatty Acid Distillate to Methyl Ester Using Microwave-Assisted Titanium Sulfonated Glucose Acid Catalyst

An alternative feedstock, palm fatty acid distillate (PFAD) provides huge potential in solving the problem of high cost biodiesel production. The PFAD was esterified in batch mode using microwave-assisted titanium sulfonated incomplete carbonized glucose (Ti-SO3H/ICG) catalyst. Microwave-assisted me...

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Bibliographic Details
Main Authors: Nur Nazlina Saimon, Syafiq Isa, Yanti Maslina Jusoh, Mazura Jusoh, Norzita Ngadi, Zaki Yamani Zakaria
Format: Article
Published: AIDIC Servizi S.r.l. 2019-01-01
Series:Chemical Engineering Transactions
Online Access:https://www.cetjournal.it/index.php/cet/article/view/9595