Genotyping problems of microorganisms
Genotyping efficiency depends on resolution of methods which provided by the target sequence of genome, efficiency of enzymes, primers and conditions of DNA restriction and PCR amplification. The most differential tools are methods involving the high evolutionary markers. They are methods MST, MLVA,...
|Main Authors:||, , , , , , , ,|
Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation. Federal State Budgetary Institution «Scientific Centre for Expert Evaluation of Medicinal Products»
|Series:||Биопрепараты: Профилактика, диагностика, лечение|
|Summary:||Genotyping efficiency depends on resolution of methods which provided by the target sequence of genome, efficiency of enzymes, primers and conditions of DNA restriction and PCR amplification. The most differential tools are methods involving the high evolutionary markers. They are methods MST, MLVA, DGE, HRM against to the method MLST based on the slow evolutionary marker. Methods PFGE, AFLP, DNA chips exploit the preliminary information of genome and have the better resolution than ribotyping and RFLP-PCR limited by certain loci. Monitoring of local outbreaks may be carried out using a rapidly evolving markers (methods RAPD-PCR, MST, or MLVA, DGE, HRM). The most suitable methods for prolongated epidemiological or population researches are MLST, PFGE, ribotyping and pyrosequencing analysis. Polymicrobial samples are investigated with DNA specific methods PCR-RFLP, MLVA, DGE, HRM, MLST, MST, DNA chips. The metagenomic analysis is the most informative to identify the species of bacterium from the polymicrobial sample. It is essential to use the conservative DNA sequences, for example 16S rRNA. The modern genotyping assays provide the informative and technological platform for phylogenetic studies of bacterial strains even through the several generations. The important results are figures of genetic distances between strains involving in complex of epidemiological characteristics: virulence, antibiotic resistance and the others. The computing tools for integration the phenotyping and sequencing data have developed. Whole-genome sequencing is the optimal method for bacterial genotyping. But there are several crucial restrictions of this method. It is still rather expensive and needs to operate with high quality DNA.|