Vinasse fertirrigation alters soil resistome dynamics: an analysis based on metagenomic profiles

Abstract Every year around 300 Gl of vinasse, a by-product of ethanol distillation in sugarcane mills, are flushed into more than 9 Mha of sugarcane cropland in Brazil. This practice links fermentation waste management to fertilization for plant biomass production, and it is known as fertirrigation....

Full description

Bibliographic Details
Main Authors: Lucas P. P. Braga, Rafael F. Alves, Marina T. F. Dellias, Acacio A. Navarrete, Thiago O. Basso, Siu M. Tsai
Format: Article
Language:English
Published: BMC 2017-05-01
Series:BioData Mining
Subjects:
Online Access:http://link.springer.com/article/10.1186/s13040-017-0138-4
Description
Summary:Abstract Every year around 300 Gl of vinasse, a by-product of ethanol distillation in sugarcane mills, are flushed into more than 9 Mha of sugarcane cropland in Brazil. This practice links fermentation waste management to fertilization for plant biomass production, and it is known as fertirrigation. Here we evaluate public datasets of soil metagenomes mining for changes in antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) of soils from sugarcane mesocosms repeatedly amended with vinasse. The metagenomes were annotated using the ResFam database. We found that the abundance of open read frames (ORFs) annotated as ARGs changed significantly across 43 different families (p-value < 0.05). Co-occurrence network analysis revealed distinct patterns of interactions among ARGs, suggesting that nutrient amendment to soil microbial communities can impact on the coevolutionary dynamics of indigenous ARGs within soil resistome.
ISSN:1756-0381