The effect of orthodontic bands or tubes upon periodontal status during the initial phase of orthodontic treatment

Introduction: Orthodontic bands cause periodontal inflammation. In theory, the use of a buccal tube (bond) instead of a band should prevent or minimize periodontal changes because the bonds are positioned away from the gingival margins. Objective: The primary aim of this study was to investigate the...

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Bibliographic Details
Main Author: Saud A. Al-Anezi
Format: Article
Published: Elsevier 2015-07-01
Series:Saudi Dental Journal
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