Bacterial etiology and antimicrobial sensitivity patterns of ear infections at King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

Objective: This study aimed to provide recent data about the causative organisms of ear infection and their antibiotic sensitivity at King Abdulaziz University Hospital. Materials and Methods: This retrospective study involved 160 patients with ear infection collected between March 2010 and February...

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Main Authors: Firas Addas, Mohammed Algethami, Nabeel Mahmalji, Shadi Zakai, Talal Alkhatib
Format: Article
Language:English
Published: Wolters Kluwer Medknow Publications 2019-01-01
Series:Journal of Nature and Science of Medicine
Subjects:
Online Access:http://www.jnsmonline.org/article.asp?issn=2589-627X;year=2019;volume=2;issue=3;spage=147;epage=152;aulast=Addas
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spelling doaj-4ee12ca7fcb64109bd35cb955f8a96dd2020-11-25T02:35:58ZengWolters Kluwer Medknow PublicationsJournal of Nature and Science of Medicine2589-627X2589-62882019-01-012314715210.4103/JNSM.JNSM_42_18Bacterial etiology and antimicrobial sensitivity patterns of ear infections at King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi ArabiaFiras AddasMohammed AlgethamiNabeel MahmaljiShadi ZakaiTalal AlkhatibObjective: This study aimed to provide recent data about the causative organisms of ear infection and their antibiotic sensitivity at King Abdulaziz University Hospital. Materials and Methods: This retrospective study involved 160 patients with ear infection collected between March 2010 and February 2016. Ear swabs were investigated by conventional microbiology methods including cultures and biochemical reactions for identification of microorganisms and antibiotic sensitivity tests. Results: Out of total number of cases, 120 (75%) cases were infected by bacteria and 25 (15.6%) were infected by yeast cells. The majority of patients (n = 61, 38.1%) were of the children and young age group (0–17 years). Most of the patients were diagnosed with chronic suppurative otitis media (OM) (n = 73, 45.6%), followed by OM (n = 48, 30.0%), and otitis externa (n = 39, 24.4%). We also found that the most common pathogens cause ear infection were Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus aureus, and yeast cells. Conclusion: Ear infections are known as a mild disease and are usually treated with empiric therapy, and as our study revealed the most common causative agents of ear infections and their patterns of sensitivity and resistance, this will help in the proper selection of empiric therapy and prevention of the emergence of resistant strains.http://www.jnsmonline.org/article.asp?issn=2589-627X;year=2019;volume=2;issue=3;spage=147;epage=152;aulast=Addasantibiotic resistancechronic suppurative otitis mediaotitis externaotitis mediasaudi arabia
collection DOAJ
language English
format Article
sources DOAJ
author Firas Addas
Mohammed Algethami
Nabeel Mahmalji
Shadi Zakai
Talal Alkhatib
spellingShingle Firas Addas
Mohammed Algethami
Nabeel Mahmalji
Shadi Zakai
Talal Alkhatib
Bacterial etiology and antimicrobial sensitivity patterns of ear infections at King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
Journal of Nature and Science of Medicine
antibiotic resistance
chronic suppurative otitis media
otitis externa
otitis media
saudi arabia
author_facet Firas Addas
Mohammed Algethami
Nabeel Mahmalji
Shadi Zakai
Talal Alkhatib
author_sort Firas Addas
title Bacterial etiology and antimicrobial sensitivity patterns of ear infections at King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
title_short Bacterial etiology and antimicrobial sensitivity patterns of ear infections at King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
title_full Bacterial etiology and antimicrobial sensitivity patterns of ear infections at King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
title_fullStr Bacterial etiology and antimicrobial sensitivity patterns of ear infections at King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
title_full_unstemmed Bacterial etiology and antimicrobial sensitivity patterns of ear infections at King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
title_sort bacterial etiology and antimicrobial sensitivity patterns of ear infections at king abdulaziz university hospital, jeddah, saudi arabia
publisher Wolters Kluwer Medknow Publications
series Journal of Nature and Science of Medicine
issn 2589-627X
2589-6288
publishDate 2019-01-01
description Objective: This study aimed to provide recent data about the causative organisms of ear infection and their antibiotic sensitivity at King Abdulaziz University Hospital. Materials and Methods: This retrospective study involved 160 patients with ear infection collected between March 2010 and February 2016. Ear swabs were investigated by conventional microbiology methods including cultures and biochemical reactions for identification of microorganisms and antibiotic sensitivity tests. Results: Out of total number of cases, 120 (75%) cases were infected by bacteria and 25 (15.6%) were infected by yeast cells. The majority of patients (n = 61, 38.1%) were of the children and young age group (0–17 years). Most of the patients were diagnosed with chronic suppurative otitis media (OM) (n = 73, 45.6%), followed by OM (n = 48, 30.0%), and otitis externa (n = 39, 24.4%). We also found that the most common pathogens cause ear infection were Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus aureus, and yeast cells. Conclusion: Ear infections are known as a mild disease and are usually treated with empiric therapy, and as our study revealed the most common causative agents of ear infections and their patterns of sensitivity and resistance, this will help in the proper selection of empiric therapy and prevention of the emergence of resistant strains.
topic antibiotic resistance
chronic suppurative otitis media
otitis externa
otitis media
saudi arabia
url http://www.jnsmonline.org/article.asp?issn=2589-627X;year=2019;volume=2;issue=3;spage=147;epage=152;aulast=Addas
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AT mohammedalgethami bacterialetiologyandantimicrobialsensitivitypatternsofearinfectionsatkingabdulazizuniversityhospitaljeddahsaudiarabia
AT nabeelmahmalji bacterialetiologyandantimicrobialsensitivitypatternsofearinfectionsatkingabdulazizuniversityhospitaljeddahsaudiarabia
AT shadizakai bacterialetiologyandantimicrobialsensitivitypatternsofearinfectionsatkingabdulazizuniversityhospitaljeddahsaudiarabia
AT talalalkhatib bacterialetiologyandantimicrobialsensitivitypatternsofearinfectionsatkingabdulazizuniversityhospitaljeddahsaudiarabia
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