Optimization and blends study of heterogeneous acid catalyst-assisted esterification of palm oil industry by-product for biodiesel production

The optimum conditions to produce palm fatty acid distillate (PFAD)-derived-methyl esters via esterification have been demonstrated with the aid of the response surface methodology (RSM) with central composite rotatable design in the presence of heterogeneous acid catalyst. The effect of four reacti...

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Bibliographic Details
Main Authors: Shehu-Ibrahim Akinfalabi, Umer Rashid, Imededdine Arbi Nehdi, Thomas Shean Yaw Choong, Hassen Mohamed Sbihi, Mohamed Mossad Gewik
Format: Article
Language:English
Published: The Royal Society 2020-01-01
Series:Royal Society Open Science
Subjects:
tga
Online Access:https://royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/pdf/10.1098/rsos.191592