Phytohormones: Key players in the modulation of heavy metal stress tolerance in plants

Heavy metal (HM) stress in plants has received considerable global attention as it threatens sustainable growth in agriculture worldwide. Hence, desperate efforts have been undertaken for combating the effects of this stress in plants. Interestingly, the use of phytohormones in reducing the impact o...

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Bibliographic Details
Main Authors: Shivani Saini, Navdeep Kaur, Pratap Kumar Pati
Format: Article
Language:English
Published: Elsevier 2021-10-01
Series:Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Subjects:
Online Access:http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0147651321006904
Description
Summary:Heavy metal (HM) stress in plants has received considerable global attention as it threatens sustainable growth in agriculture worldwide. Hence, desperate efforts have been undertaken for combating the effects of this stress in plants. Interestingly, the use of phytohormones in reducing the impact of HM toxicity has gained much momentum in the recent past. Phytohormones act as chemical messengers that improve the HM stress resistance in plants, thus allowing them to retain their growth and developmental plasticity. Their exogenous application as well as manipulation of endogenous levels through precise targeting of their biosynthesis/signaling components is a promising approach for providing a protective shield against HM stress in plants. However, for the successful use of phytohormones for field plants exposed to HM toxicity, in-depth knowledge of the key pathways regulated by them is of prime importance. Hence, the present review mainly summarizes the key conceptual developments on the involvement of phytohormones in the mitigation of HM stress in plants. The role of various genes, proteins, and signaling components involved in phytohormones associated HM stress tolerance and their modulation has also been discussed. Thus, this update will pave the way for improving HM stress tolerance in plants with the advent of phytohormones for sustainable agriculture growth in the future.
ISSN:0147-6513