Birth weight in relation to leisure time physical activity in adolescence and adulthood: meta-analysis of results from 13 nordic cohorts.

Prenatal life exposures, potentially manifested as altered birth size, may influence the later risk of major chronic diseases through direct biologic effects on disease processes, but also by modifying adult behaviors such as physical activity that may influence later disease risk.We investigated th...

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Main Authors: Lise Geisler Andersen, Lars Angquist, Michael Gamborg, Liisa Byberg, Calle Bengtsson, Dexter Canoy, Johan G Eriksson, Marit Eriksson, Marjo-Riitta Järvelin, Lauren Lissner, Tom I Nilsen, Merete Osler, Kim Overvad, Finn Rasmussen, Minna K Salonen, Lene Schack-Nielsen, Tuija H Tammelin, Tomi-Pekka Tuomainen, Thorkild I A Sørensen, Jennifer L Baker, NordNet Study Group
Format: Article
Language:English
Published: Public Library of Science (PLoS) 2009-12-01
Series:PLoS ONE
Online Access:http://europepmc.org/articles/PMC2790716?pdf=render
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spelling doaj-6911bdd5a7274ea7afba83a11dd871fa2020-11-25T02:32:24ZengPublic Library of Science (PLoS)PLoS ONE1932-62032009-12-01412e819210.1371/journal.pone.0008192Birth weight in relation to leisure time physical activity in adolescence and adulthood: meta-analysis of results from 13 nordic cohorts.Lise Geisler AndersenLars AngquistMichael GamborgLiisa BybergCalle BengtssonDexter CanoyJohan G ErikssonMarit ErikssonMarjo-Riitta JärvelinLauren LissnerTom I NilsenMerete OslerKim OvervadFinn RasmussenMinna K SalonenLene Schack-NielsenTuija H TammelinTomi-Pekka TuomainenThorkild I A SørensenJennifer L BakerNordNet Study GroupPrenatal life exposures, potentially manifested as altered birth size, may influence the later risk of major chronic diseases through direct biologic effects on disease processes, but also by modifying adult behaviors such as physical activity that may influence later disease risk.We investigated the association between birth weight and leisure time physical activity (LTPA) in 43,482 adolescents and adults from 13 Nordic cohorts. Random effects meta-analyses were performed on categorical estimates from cohort-, age-, sex- and birth weight specific analyses. Birth weight showed a reverse U-shaped association with later LTPA; within the range of normal weight the association was negligible but weights below and above this range were associated with a lower probability of undertaking LTPA. Compared with the reference category (3.26-3.75 kg), the birth weight categories of 1.26-1.75, 1.76-2.25, 2.26-2.75, and 4.76-5.25 kg, had odds ratios of 0.67 (95% confidence interval: 0.47, 0.94), 0.72 (0.59, 0.88), 0.89 (0.79, 0.99), and 0.65 (0.50, 0.86), respectively. The shape and strength of the birth weight-LTPA association was virtually independent of sex, age, gestational age, educational level, concurrent body mass index, and smoking.The association between birth weight and undertaking LTPA is very weak within the normal birth weight range, but both low and high birth weights are associated with a lower probability of undertaking LTPA, which hence may be a mediator between prenatal influences and later disease risk.http://europepmc.org/articles/PMC2790716?pdf=render
collection DOAJ
language English
format Article
sources DOAJ
author Lise Geisler Andersen
Lars Angquist
Michael Gamborg
Liisa Byberg
Calle Bengtsson
Dexter Canoy
Johan G Eriksson
Marit Eriksson
Marjo-Riitta Järvelin
Lauren Lissner
Tom I Nilsen
Merete Osler
Kim Overvad
Finn Rasmussen
Minna K Salonen
Lene Schack-Nielsen
Tuija H Tammelin
Tomi-Pekka Tuomainen
Thorkild I A Sørensen
Jennifer L Baker
NordNet Study Group
spellingShingle Lise Geisler Andersen
Lars Angquist
Michael Gamborg
Liisa Byberg
Calle Bengtsson
Dexter Canoy
Johan G Eriksson
Marit Eriksson
Marjo-Riitta Järvelin
Lauren Lissner
Tom I Nilsen
Merete Osler
Kim Overvad
Finn Rasmussen
Minna K Salonen
Lene Schack-Nielsen
Tuija H Tammelin
Tomi-Pekka Tuomainen
Thorkild I A Sørensen
Jennifer L Baker
NordNet Study Group
Birth weight in relation to leisure time physical activity in adolescence and adulthood: meta-analysis of results from 13 nordic cohorts.
PLoS ONE
author_facet Lise Geisler Andersen
Lars Angquist
Michael Gamborg
Liisa Byberg
Calle Bengtsson
Dexter Canoy
Johan G Eriksson
Marit Eriksson
Marjo-Riitta Järvelin
Lauren Lissner
Tom I Nilsen
Merete Osler
Kim Overvad
Finn Rasmussen
Minna K Salonen
Lene Schack-Nielsen
Tuija H Tammelin
Tomi-Pekka Tuomainen
Thorkild I A Sørensen
Jennifer L Baker
NordNet Study Group
author_sort Lise Geisler Andersen
title Birth weight in relation to leisure time physical activity in adolescence and adulthood: meta-analysis of results from 13 nordic cohorts.
title_short Birth weight in relation to leisure time physical activity in adolescence and adulthood: meta-analysis of results from 13 nordic cohorts.
title_full Birth weight in relation to leisure time physical activity in adolescence and adulthood: meta-analysis of results from 13 nordic cohorts.
title_fullStr Birth weight in relation to leisure time physical activity in adolescence and adulthood: meta-analysis of results from 13 nordic cohorts.
title_full_unstemmed Birth weight in relation to leisure time physical activity in adolescence and adulthood: meta-analysis of results from 13 nordic cohorts.
title_sort birth weight in relation to leisure time physical activity in adolescence and adulthood: meta-analysis of results from 13 nordic cohorts.
publisher Public Library of Science (PLoS)
series PLoS ONE
issn 1932-6203
publishDate 2009-12-01
description Prenatal life exposures, potentially manifested as altered birth size, may influence the later risk of major chronic diseases through direct biologic effects on disease processes, but also by modifying adult behaviors such as physical activity that may influence later disease risk.We investigated the association between birth weight and leisure time physical activity (LTPA) in 43,482 adolescents and adults from 13 Nordic cohorts. Random effects meta-analyses were performed on categorical estimates from cohort-, age-, sex- and birth weight specific analyses. Birth weight showed a reverse U-shaped association with later LTPA; within the range of normal weight the association was negligible but weights below and above this range were associated with a lower probability of undertaking LTPA. Compared with the reference category (3.26-3.75 kg), the birth weight categories of 1.26-1.75, 1.76-2.25, 2.26-2.75, and 4.76-5.25 kg, had odds ratios of 0.67 (95% confidence interval: 0.47, 0.94), 0.72 (0.59, 0.88), 0.89 (0.79, 0.99), and 0.65 (0.50, 0.86), respectively. The shape and strength of the birth weight-LTPA association was virtually independent of sex, age, gestational age, educational level, concurrent body mass index, and smoking.The association between birth weight and undertaking LTPA is very weak within the normal birth weight range, but both low and high birth weights are associated with a lower probability of undertaking LTPA, which hence may be a mediator between prenatal influences and later disease risk.
url http://europepmc.org/articles/PMC2790716?pdf=render
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