Predicting Factors of Mammography Adherence among Iranian Women Based on Transtheoretical Model

Background: Breast cancer is the most common cancer among women in Iran. Early diagnosis of breast cancer by mammography could decrease the rate of mortality and improve the survival rate. This study aimed to determine the predicting factors of mammography adherence among Iranian women based on tran...

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Main Authors: mahsa khodayarian, Tahmineh farajkhoda, Azita Aryaeenezhad, Mozhgan Sharifi
Format: Article
Language:English
Published: Golestan University of Medical Sciences 2020-04-01
Series:Journal of Research Development in Nursing and Midwifery
Subjects:
Online Access:http://nmj.goums.ac.ir/article-1-1062-en.html
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spelling doaj-6b27000efd96458ca4acba3d1e93784d2021-01-23T10:21:56ZengGolestan University of Medical Sciences Journal of Research Development in Nursing and Midwifery2588-30382020-04-011722831Predicting Factors of Mammography Adherence among Iranian Women Based on Transtheoretical Modelmahsa khodayarian0Tahmineh farajkhoda1Azita Aryaeenezhad2Mozhgan Sharifi3 Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Department of Health Education & Promotion, School of Public Health, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran Research Center for Nursing and Midwifery Care, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran Nursing and Midwifery College. Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran Nursing and Midwifery College. Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iram Background: Breast cancer is the most common cancer among women in Iran. Early diagnosis of breast cancer by mammography could decrease the rate of mortality and improve the survival rate. This study aimed to determine the predicting factors of mammography adherence among Iranian women based on transtheoretical model. Methods: This cross-sectional study was done on 300 married women in Yazd in 2018. Subjects was recruited using cluster sampling. Data were gathered through researcher-made questionnaire based on trans-theoretical model. The constructs of decisional balance, self-efficacy, stages and process of change were studied. Data were analyzed using chi-square test, one-way analysis of variance, Spearman correlation coefficient and regression analysis in SPSS-16 software.  Results: The mean age of women was 47.25±6.97 years old (ranged from 40 to 70). Most of the participants (86.4%) were in inactive stages of decision-making for performing mammography and only 5.3% were in active stages. The mean score of self-efficacy among the studied women was 24.54±6.5. According to linear regression test, the validity of the predicting trans-theoretical model by all of its constructs together was 47%. Conclusions: Results of the present study showed that most of the women were at inactive stages of decision-making for mammography behavior and, based on the results, to improve the stages of the behavior, their self-efficacy should be improved.http://nmj.goums.ac.ir/article-1-1062-en.htmlbreast neoplasmsmammography adherencetranstheoretical model (ttm)behavioral intention
collection DOAJ
language English
format Article
sources DOAJ
author mahsa khodayarian
Tahmineh farajkhoda
Azita Aryaeenezhad
Mozhgan Sharifi
spellingShingle mahsa khodayarian
Tahmineh farajkhoda
Azita Aryaeenezhad
Mozhgan Sharifi
Predicting Factors of Mammography Adherence among Iranian Women Based on Transtheoretical Model
Journal of Research Development in Nursing and Midwifery
breast neoplasms
mammography adherence
transtheoretical model (ttm)
behavioral intention
author_facet mahsa khodayarian
Tahmineh farajkhoda
Azita Aryaeenezhad
Mozhgan Sharifi
author_sort mahsa khodayarian
title Predicting Factors of Mammography Adherence among Iranian Women Based on Transtheoretical Model
title_short Predicting Factors of Mammography Adherence among Iranian Women Based on Transtheoretical Model
title_full Predicting Factors of Mammography Adherence among Iranian Women Based on Transtheoretical Model
title_fullStr Predicting Factors of Mammography Adherence among Iranian Women Based on Transtheoretical Model
title_full_unstemmed Predicting Factors of Mammography Adherence among Iranian Women Based on Transtheoretical Model
title_sort predicting factors of mammography adherence among iranian women based on transtheoretical model
publisher Golestan University of Medical Sciences
series Journal of Research Development in Nursing and Midwifery
issn 2588-3038
publishDate 2020-04-01
description Background: Breast cancer is the most common cancer among women in Iran. Early diagnosis of breast cancer by mammography could decrease the rate of mortality and improve the survival rate. This study aimed to determine the predicting factors of mammography adherence among Iranian women based on transtheoretical model. Methods: This cross-sectional study was done on 300 married women in Yazd in 2018. Subjects was recruited using cluster sampling. Data were gathered through researcher-made questionnaire based on trans-theoretical model. The constructs of decisional balance, self-efficacy, stages and process of change were studied. Data were analyzed using chi-square test, one-way analysis of variance, Spearman correlation coefficient and regression analysis in SPSS-16 software.  Results: The mean age of women was 47.25±6.97 years old (ranged from 40 to 70). Most of the participants (86.4%) were in inactive stages of decision-making for performing mammography and only 5.3% were in active stages. The mean score of self-efficacy among the studied women was 24.54±6.5. According to linear regression test, the validity of the predicting trans-theoretical model by all of its constructs together was 47%. Conclusions: Results of the present study showed that most of the women were at inactive stages of decision-making for mammography behavior and, based on the results, to improve the stages of the behavior, their self-efficacy should be improved.
topic breast neoplasms
mammography adherence
transtheoretical model (ttm)
behavioral intention
url http://nmj.goums.ac.ir/article-1-1062-en.html
work_keys_str_mv AT mahsakhodayarian predictingfactorsofmammographyadherenceamongiranianwomenbasedontranstheoreticalmodel
AT tahminehfarajkhoda predictingfactorsofmammographyadherenceamongiranianwomenbasedontranstheoreticalmodel
AT azitaaryaeenezhad predictingfactorsofmammographyadherenceamongiranianwomenbasedontranstheoreticalmodel
AT mozhgansharifi predictingfactorsofmammographyadherenceamongiranianwomenbasedontranstheoreticalmodel
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