Salt fluoridation and oral health

The aim of this paper is to make known the potential of fluoridated salt in community oral health programs, particularly in South Eastern Europe. Since 1922, the addition of iodine to salt has been successful in Switzerland. Goiter is virtually extinct. By 1945, the cariesprotective effect of fluor...

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Main Author: Thomas M. Marthaler
Format: Article
Language:English
Published: Academy of Sciences and Arts of Bosnia and Herzegovina 2013-11-01
Series:Acta Medica Academica
Subjects:
Online Access:http://www.ama.ba/index.php/ama/article/view/185/pdf_18
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spelling doaj-75574cdec8dd4b5b9a272eba6463e23d2020-11-24T23:30:15ZengAcademy of Sciences and Arts of Bosnia and HerzegovinaActa Medica Academica1840-18481840-28792013-11-0142214015510.5644/ama2006-124.82Salt fluoridation and oral healthThomas M. Marthaler0Department of Preventive Dentistry, Periodontology and Cariology, Center for Dentistry, University of Zurich, Zurich, SwitzerlandThe aim of this paper is to make known the potential of fluoridated salt in community oral health programs, particularly in South Eastern Europe. Since 1922, the addition of iodine to salt has been successful in Switzerland. Goiter is virtually extinct. By 1945, the cariesprotective effect of fluorides was well established. Based on the success of water fluoridation, a gynecologist started adding of fluoride to salt. The sale of fluoridated salt began in 1956 in the Swiss Canton of Zurich, and several other cantons followed suit. Studies initiated in the early seventies showed that fluoride, when added to salt, inhibits dental caries. The addition of fluoride to salt for human consumption was officially authorized in 1980-82. In Switzerland 85% of domestic salt consumed is fluoridated and 67% in Germany. Salt fluoridation schemes are reaching more than one hundred million in Mexico, Colombia, Peru and Cuba. The cost of salt fluoridation is very low, within 0.02 and 0.05 € per year and capita. Children and adults of the low socio-economic strata tend to have substantially more untreated caries than higher strata. Salt fluoridation is by far the cheapest method for improving oral health. Conclusions. Salt fluoridation has cariostatic potential like water fluoridation (caries reductions up to 50%). In Europe, meaningful percentages of users have been attained only in Germany (67%) and Switzerland (85%). In Latin America, there are more than 100 million users, and several countries have arrived at coverage of 90 to 99%. Salt fluoridation is by far the cheapest method of caries prevention, and billions of people throughout the world could benefit from this method. http://www.ama.ba/index.php/ama/article/view/185/pdf_18FluoridePreventionDental cariesSalt
collection DOAJ
language English
format Article
sources DOAJ
author Thomas M. Marthaler
spellingShingle Thomas M. Marthaler
Salt fluoridation and oral health
Acta Medica Academica
Fluoride
Prevention
Dental caries
Salt
author_facet Thomas M. Marthaler
author_sort Thomas M. Marthaler
title Salt fluoridation and oral health
title_short Salt fluoridation and oral health
title_full Salt fluoridation and oral health
title_fullStr Salt fluoridation and oral health
title_full_unstemmed Salt fluoridation and oral health
title_sort salt fluoridation and oral health
publisher Academy of Sciences and Arts of Bosnia and Herzegovina
series Acta Medica Academica
issn 1840-1848
1840-2879
publishDate 2013-11-01
description The aim of this paper is to make known the potential of fluoridated salt in community oral health programs, particularly in South Eastern Europe. Since 1922, the addition of iodine to salt has been successful in Switzerland. Goiter is virtually extinct. By 1945, the cariesprotective effect of fluorides was well established. Based on the success of water fluoridation, a gynecologist started adding of fluoride to salt. The sale of fluoridated salt began in 1956 in the Swiss Canton of Zurich, and several other cantons followed suit. Studies initiated in the early seventies showed that fluoride, when added to salt, inhibits dental caries. The addition of fluoride to salt for human consumption was officially authorized in 1980-82. In Switzerland 85% of domestic salt consumed is fluoridated and 67% in Germany. Salt fluoridation schemes are reaching more than one hundred million in Mexico, Colombia, Peru and Cuba. The cost of salt fluoridation is very low, within 0.02 and 0.05 € per year and capita. Children and adults of the low socio-economic strata tend to have substantially more untreated caries than higher strata. Salt fluoridation is by far the cheapest method for improving oral health. Conclusions. Salt fluoridation has cariostatic potential like water fluoridation (caries reductions up to 50%). In Europe, meaningful percentages of users have been attained only in Germany (67%) and Switzerland (85%). In Latin America, there are more than 100 million users, and several countries have arrived at coverage of 90 to 99%. Salt fluoridation is by far the cheapest method of caries prevention, and billions of people throughout the world could benefit from this method.
topic Fluoride
Prevention
Dental caries
Salt
url http://www.ama.ba/index.php/ama/article/view/185/pdf_18
work_keys_str_mv AT thomasmmarthaler saltfluoridationandoralhealth
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