Resting heart rate is associated with colorectal advanced adenoma.

<h4>Background and aims</h4>Resting heart rate is an independent predictor of colorectal cancer (CRC) development and CRC-related mortality. However, little is known about the relationship between resting heart rate and colorectal adenoma development. We aimed to investigate this associa...

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Main Authors: Jihye Park, Jong Soo Han, Hyun Jin Jo, Hyun Young Kim, Hyuk Yoon, Cheol Min Shin, Young Soo Park, Nayoung Kim, Dong Ho Lee
Format: Article
Language:English
Published: Public Library of Science (PLoS) 2021-01-01
Series:PLoS ONE
Online Access:https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0254505
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spelling doaj-7a12e8861093421a8e9b996693ff6bd32021-07-24T04:32:32ZengPublic Library of Science (PLoS)PLoS ONE1932-62032021-01-01167e025450510.1371/journal.pone.0254505Resting heart rate is associated with colorectal advanced adenoma.Jihye ParkJong Soo HanHyun Jin JoHyun Young KimHyuk YoonCheol Min ShinYoung Soo ParkNayoung KimDong Ho Lee<h4>Background and aims</h4>Resting heart rate is an independent predictor of colorectal cancer (CRC) development and CRC-related mortality. However, little is known about the relationship between resting heart rate and colorectal adenoma development. We aimed to investigate this association in a population who underwent screening colonoscopy.<h4>Methods</h4>Among 39,021 patients who underwent both electrocardiogram and screening colonoscopy during routine health examinations at the Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Health Promotion Center, Korea from January 2014 to July 2019, 1,344 patients had advanced adenoma. We performed 1:1 propensity score (PS) matching to establish a control group that mitigated the confounding effects of age and sex. We performed multivariate logistic regression analyses to identify the independent risk factors of advanced adenoma development.<h4>Results</h4>Resting heart rate was significantly higher in the advanced adenoma group than in the control group. The prevalence of advanced polyp increased across the quartiles of resting heart rate. Patients with higher resting heart rates were more likely to be older, smokers, and have increased blood pressure and DM and less likely to engage in active exercises than those with lower resting heart rates. Patients with higher resting heart rates had higher serum glucose, triglyceride, hemoglobin A1C, and insulin levels and lower high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels. Patients with resting heart rate in the highest quartile (≥71 bpm) still showed significantly increased odds ratio (OR) of advanced adenoma development (OR: 1.379, 95% confidence interval: 1.099-1.731, p = 0.006).<h4>Conclusions</h4>High resting heart rate was a meaningful independent risk factor of advanced adenoma development.https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0254505
collection DOAJ
language English
format Article
sources DOAJ
author Jihye Park
Jong Soo Han
Hyun Jin Jo
Hyun Young Kim
Hyuk Yoon
Cheol Min Shin
Young Soo Park
Nayoung Kim
Dong Ho Lee
spellingShingle Jihye Park
Jong Soo Han
Hyun Jin Jo
Hyun Young Kim
Hyuk Yoon
Cheol Min Shin
Young Soo Park
Nayoung Kim
Dong Ho Lee
Resting heart rate is associated with colorectal advanced adenoma.
PLoS ONE
author_facet Jihye Park
Jong Soo Han
Hyun Jin Jo
Hyun Young Kim
Hyuk Yoon
Cheol Min Shin
Young Soo Park
Nayoung Kim
Dong Ho Lee
author_sort Jihye Park
title Resting heart rate is associated with colorectal advanced adenoma.
title_short Resting heart rate is associated with colorectal advanced adenoma.
title_full Resting heart rate is associated with colorectal advanced adenoma.
title_fullStr Resting heart rate is associated with colorectal advanced adenoma.
title_full_unstemmed Resting heart rate is associated with colorectal advanced adenoma.
title_sort resting heart rate is associated with colorectal advanced adenoma.
publisher Public Library of Science (PLoS)
series PLoS ONE
issn 1932-6203
publishDate 2021-01-01
description <h4>Background and aims</h4>Resting heart rate is an independent predictor of colorectal cancer (CRC) development and CRC-related mortality. However, little is known about the relationship between resting heart rate and colorectal adenoma development. We aimed to investigate this association in a population who underwent screening colonoscopy.<h4>Methods</h4>Among 39,021 patients who underwent both electrocardiogram and screening colonoscopy during routine health examinations at the Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Health Promotion Center, Korea from January 2014 to July 2019, 1,344 patients had advanced adenoma. We performed 1:1 propensity score (PS) matching to establish a control group that mitigated the confounding effects of age and sex. We performed multivariate logistic regression analyses to identify the independent risk factors of advanced adenoma development.<h4>Results</h4>Resting heart rate was significantly higher in the advanced adenoma group than in the control group. The prevalence of advanced polyp increased across the quartiles of resting heart rate. Patients with higher resting heart rates were more likely to be older, smokers, and have increased blood pressure and DM and less likely to engage in active exercises than those with lower resting heart rates. Patients with higher resting heart rates had higher serum glucose, triglyceride, hemoglobin A1C, and insulin levels and lower high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels. Patients with resting heart rate in the highest quartile (≥71 bpm) still showed significantly increased odds ratio (OR) of advanced adenoma development (OR: 1.379, 95% confidence interval: 1.099-1.731, p = 0.006).<h4>Conclusions</h4>High resting heart rate was a meaningful independent risk factor of advanced adenoma development.
url https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0254505
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