Awareness on Prevention and First Aid Management of Burn Injury among Adolescents

Abstract Background: Burn means more than the burning sensation associated with injury. Burns are characterized by severe skin damage that causes the affected skin cells to die. Burns are causes for mortality and morbidity worldwide among all age groups. An estimated 180 000 deaths every year are...

Full description

Bibliographic Details
Main Authors: Sarita Shrestha, Pramila Gurung
Format: Article
Language:English
Published: College of Medical Sciences 2018-12-01
Series:Journal of College of Medical Sciences-Nepal
Subjects:
Online Access:https://www.nepjol.info/index.php/JCMSN/article/view/21330
id doaj-7fc34944a9ee40dfbb7b4ef6a4622677
record_format Article
spelling doaj-7fc34944a9ee40dfbb7b4ef6a46226772020-11-25T01:09:21ZengCollege of Medical SciencesJournal of College of Medical Sciences-Nepal2091-06572091-06732018-12-0114420020510.3126/jcmsn.v14i4.2133021330Awareness on Prevention and First Aid Management of Burn Injury among AdolescentsSarita Shrestha0Pramila Gurung1Tribhuvan UniversityTribhuvan UniversityAbstract Background: Burn means more than the burning sensation associated with injury. Burns are characterized by severe skin damage that causes the affected skin cells to die. Burns are causes for mortality and morbidity worldwide among all age groups. An estimated 180 000 deaths every year are caused by burns – the vast majority occur in low- and middle-income countries.1 Non-fatal burn injuries are a leading cause of morbidity. Burns occur mainly in the home and workplace. Burns are preventable. Burns are one of the most common household injuries, especially among children. Most people can recover from burns without serious health consequences, depending on the cause and degree of injury. More serious burns require immediate emergency medical care to prevent complications and death. The objective of the study was to find out the awareness on prevention and first aid management of burn injury among adolescents. Materials and methods: A descriptive exploratory study was conducted, using self administered questionnaire. Data was collected from 101 students of class VIII and IX of Shree Prithvi Narayan Secondary School at Tarkeshwor ward no. 5, Kathmandu. Descriptive statistics such as frequency, percentage and mean was used to analyze the data. Level of awareness was categorized as: <50%=Inadequate awareness, 50% - 75%= Moderate awareness and >75%= Adequate level of awareness. Results: In this study, respondents were between 12-16 years of age with mean age 14.20 years. Among them 54.5% were female and 45.5% were male. Regarding level of burn injury prevention awareness 15.8% of the respondents had inadequate, 40.6% had moderate and 43.6% had adequate awareness. Likewise, 4.9% of the respondents had inadequate awareness, 71.3% had moderate awareness and 23.8% had adequate awareness on first aid management of burn injury. Conclusion: The study concluded that respondents had adequate awareness on prevention of burn injury but moderate awareness on first aid management of burn injury. Therefore, awareness raising programme are to be conducted on school and need to keep in school curriculum with adequate content for effective knowledge on burn prevention and first aid management. Key words: adolescents, awareness, burn injury, first aid management, preventionhttps://www.nepjol.info/index.php/JCMSN/article/view/21330Burn Injury
collection DOAJ
language English
format Article
sources DOAJ
author Sarita Shrestha
Pramila Gurung
spellingShingle Sarita Shrestha
Pramila Gurung
Awareness on Prevention and First Aid Management of Burn Injury among Adolescents
Journal of College of Medical Sciences-Nepal
Burn Injury
author_facet Sarita Shrestha
Pramila Gurung
author_sort Sarita Shrestha
title Awareness on Prevention and First Aid Management of Burn Injury among Adolescents
title_short Awareness on Prevention and First Aid Management of Burn Injury among Adolescents
title_full Awareness on Prevention and First Aid Management of Burn Injury among Adolescents
title_fullStr Awareness on Prevention and First Aid Management of Burn Injury among Adolescents
title_full_unstemmed Awareness on Prevention and First Aid Management of Burn Injury among Adolescents
title_sort awareness on prevention and first aid management of burn injury among adolescents
publisher College of Medical Sciences
series Journal of College of Medical Sciences-Nepal
issn 2091-0657
2091-0673
publishDate 2018-12-01
description Abstract Background: Burn means more than the burning sensation associated with injury. Burns are characterized by severe skin damage that causes the affected skin cells to die. Burns are causes for mortality and morbidity worldwide among all age groups. An estimated 180 000 deaths every year are caused by burns – the vast majority occur in low- and middle-income countries.1 Non-fatal burn injuries are a leading cause of morbidity. Burns occur mainly in the home and workplace. Burns are preventable. Burns are one of the most common household injuries, especially among children. Most people can recover from burns without serious health consequences, depending on the cause and degree of injury. More serious burns require immediate emergency medical care to prevent complications and death. The objective of the study was to find out the awareness on prevention and first aid management of burn injury among adolescents. Materials and methods: A descriptive exploratory study was conducted, using self administered questionnaire. Data was collected from 101 students of class VIII and IX of Shree Prithvi Narayan Secondary School at Tarkeshwor ward no. 5, Kathmandu. Descriptive statistics such as frequency, percentage and mean was used to analyze the data. Level of awareness was categorized as: <50%=Inadequate awareness, 50% - 75%= Moderate awareness and >75%= Adequate level of awareness. Results: In this study, respondents were between 12-16 years of age with mean age 14.20 years. Among them 54.5% were female and 45.5% were male. Regarding level of burn injury prevention awareness 15.8% of the respondents had inadequate, 40.6% had moderate and 43.6% had adequate awareness. Likewise, 4.9% of the respondents had inadequate awareness, 71.3% had moderate awareness and 23.8% had adequate awareness on first aid management of burn injury. Conclusion: The study concluded that respondents had adequate awareness on prevention of burn injury but moderate awareness on first aid management of burn injury. Therefore, awareness raising programme are to be conducted on school and need to keep in school curriculum with adequate content for effective knowledge on burn prevention and first aid management. Key words: adolescents, awareness, burn injury, first aid management, prevention
topic Burn Injury
url https://www.nepjol.info/index.php/JCMSN/article/view/21330
work_keys_str_mv AT saritashrestha awarenessonpreventionandfirstaidmanagementofburninjuryamongadolescents
AT pramilagurung awarenessonpreventionandfirstaidmanagementofburninjuryamongadolescents
_version_ 1725179426872754176