Prevalence of dental fluorosis in the district of Salem, Tamil Nadu, South India: A pilot study

Background: Tamil Nadu is one of the 18 states affected by fluorosis in India. The maximum tolerance limit of fluoride in drinking water specified by the World Health Organization (WHO, 1984) is 1.5 mg/l while it is proved to be above in many areas of Salem. Aims and Objectives: The aim of the follo...

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Main Authors: Maya Ramesh, R Shankar, Ramesh Krishnan, Narasimhan Malathi, Rita Mary Aruna
Format: Article
Language:English
Published: Wolters Kluwer Medknow Publications 2014-01-01
Series:Journal of Orofacial Sciences
Subjects:
Online Access:http://www.jofs.in/article.asp?issn=0975-8844;year=2014;volume=6;issue=1;spage=37;epage=40;aulast=Ramesh
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spelling doaj-89353946a4864cb6b1cfefedd99d5bf02020-11-25T00:26:45ZengWolters Kluwer Medknow PublicationsJournal of Orofacial Sciences0975-88442014-01-0161374010.4103/0975-8844.132584Prevalence of dental fluorosis in the district of Salem, Tamil Nadu, South India: A pilot studyMaya RameshR ShankarRamesh KrishnanNarasimhan MalathiRita Mary ArunaBackground: Tamil Nadu is one of the 18 states affected by fluorosis in India. The maximum tolerance limit of fluoride in drinking water specified by the World Health Organization (WHO, 1984) is 1.5 mg/l while it is proved to be above in many areas of Salem. Aims and Objectives: The aim of the following study is to identify the prevalence of dental fluorosis among children in the district of Salem. To compare the prevalence of dental fluorosis between different sexes and age groups. Materials and Methods: A pilot study was conducted in a private school where oral examination was done using mouth mirror and probe under sunlight in 965 students, for the presence or absence of dental fluorosis. As it was a pilot study, the fluorosis indexes were not taken into consideration. Results: In our study, 965 students were examined for dental fluorosis out of which, 624 were boys and 341 were girls. Dental fluorosis was present in 31.1% of boys, and 30.3% of girls 297 students out of 965 (30.8%) showed the presence of dental fluorosis. Conclusion: The present study showed that Salem is one of the districts affected by dental fluorosis in Tamil Nadu. An extensive study including the grades of fluorosis and estimation of water fluoride levels in different areas is required for better evaluation of the situation. Government should take actions to prevent fluorosis. Awareness should be given to the population to drink only the water supplied by the government.http://www.jofs.in/article.asp?issn=0975-8844;year=2014;volume=6;issue=1;spage=37;epage=40;aulast=RameshDental fluorosis, fluorine, ppm of fluoride, prevalence, skeletal fluorosis
collection DOAJ
language English
format Article
sources DOAJ
author Maya Ramesh
R Shankar
Ramesh Krishnan
Narasimhan Malathi
Rita Mary Aruna
spellingShingle Maya Ramesh
R Shankar
Ramesh Krishnan
Narasimhan Malathi
Rita Mary Aruna
Prevalence of dental fluorosis in the district of Salem, Tamil Nadu, South India: A pilot study
Journal of Orofacial Sciences
Dental fluorosis, fluorine, ppm of fluoride, prevalence, skeletal fluorosis
author_facet Maya Ramesh
R Shankar
Ramesh Krishnan
Narasimhan Malathi
Rita Mary Aruna
author_sort Maya Ramesh
title Prevalence of dental fluorosis in the district of Salem, Tamil Nadu, South India: A pilot study
title_short Prevalence of dental fluorosis in the district of Salem, Tamil Nadu, South India: A pilot study
title_full Prevalence of dental fluorosis in the district of Salem, Tamil Nadu, South India: A pilot study
title_fullStr Prevalence of dental fluorosis in the district of Salem, Tamil Nadu, South India: A pilot study
title_full_unstemmed Prevalence of dental fluorosis in the district of Salem, Tamil Nadu, South India: A pilot study
title_sort prevalence of dental fluorosis in the district of salem, tamil nadu, south india: a pilot study
publisher Wolters Kluwer Medknow Publications
series Journal of Orofacial Sciences
issn 0975-8844
publishDate 2014-01-01
description Background: Tamil Nadu is one of the 18 states affected by fluorosis in India. The maximum tolerance limit of fluoride in drinking water specified by the World Health Organization (WHO, 1984) is 1.5 mg/l while it is proved to be above in many areas of Salem. Aims and Objectives: The aim of the following study is to identify the prevalence of dental fluorosis among children in the district of Salem. To compare the prevalence of dental fluorosis between different sexes and age groups. Materials and Methods: A pilot study was conducted in a private school where oral examination was done using mouth mirror and probe under sunlight in 965 students, for the presence or absence of dental fluorosis. As it was a pilot study, the fluorosis indexes were not taken into consideration. Results: In our study, 965 students were examined for dental fluorosis out of which, 624 were boys and 341 were girls. Dental fluorosis was present in 31.1% of boys, and 30.3% of girls 297 students out of 965 (30.8%) showed the presence of dental fluorosis. Conclusion: The present study showed that Salem is one of the districts affected by dental fluorosis in Tamil Nadu. An extensive study including the grades of fluorosis and estimation of water fluoride levels in different areas is required for better evaluation of the situation. Government should take actions to prevent fluorosis. Awareness should be given to the population to drink only the water supplied by the government.
topic Dental fluorosis, fluorine, ppm of fluoride, prevalence, skeletal fluorosis
url http://www.jofs.in/article.asp?issn=0975-8844;year=2014;volume=6;issue=1;spage=37;epage=40;aulast=Ramesh
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