12-Port 5G Massive MIMO Antenna Array in Sub-6GHz Mobile Handset for LTE Bands 42/43/46 Applications

A 12-port antenna array operating in the long term evolution (LTE) band 42 (3400-3600 MHz), LTE band 43 (3600-3800 MHz), and LTE band 46 (5150-5925 MHz) for 5G massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) applications in mobile handsets is presented. The proposed MIMO antenna is composed of three d...

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Bibliographic Details
Main Authors: Yixin Li, Chow-Yen-Desmond Sim, Yong Luo, Guangli Yang
Format: Article
Language:English
Published: IEEE 2018-01-01
Series:IEEE Access
Subjects:
Online Access:https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/8068201/
Description
Summary:A 12-port antenna array operating in the long term evolution (LTE) band 42 (3400-3600 MHz), LTE band 43 (3600-3800 MHz), and LTE band 46 (5150-5925 MHz) for 5G massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) applications in mobile handsets is presented. The proposed MIMO antenna is composed of three different antenna element types, namely, inverted π-shaped antenna, longer inverted L-shaped open slot antenna, and shorter inverted L-shaped open slot antenna. In total, eight antenna elements are used for the 8×8 MIMO in LTE bands 42/43, and six antenna elements are designed for the 6×6 MIMO in LTE band 46. The proposed antenna was simulated, and a prototype was fabricated and tested. The measured results show that the LTE bands 42/43/46 are satisfied with reflection coefficient better than -6 dB, isolation lower than -12 dB, and total efficiencies of higher than 40%. In addition to that, the proposed antenna array has also shown good MIMO performances with an envelope correlation coefficient lower than 0.15, and ergodic channel capacities higher than 34 and 26.5 b/s/Hz in the LTE bands 42/43 and LTE band 46, respectively. The hand phantom effects are also investigated, and the results show that the proposed antenna array can still exhibit good radiation and MIMO performances when operating under data mode and read mode conditions.
ISSN:2169-3536