Effect of Cognitive-behavioral Group Therapy on Anxiety and Depression Hemodialysis Patients in Kashan, Iran

Background and Objectives: Hemodialysis as a treatment manner in chronic renal failure is a stressful process and has several various psycho-cognitive and social complications. The present study evaluated effect of cognitive-behavioral group therapy on anxiety and depression in hemodialysis patients...

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Main Authors: A Ahmadvand, R Saie, Z Sepehrmanesh, AR Ghanbari
Format: Article
Language:fas
Published: Qom University of Medical Sciences 2011-04-01
Series:Majallah-i Dānishgāh-i ̒Ulūm-i Pizishkī-i Qum
Subjects:
Online Access:http://journal.muq.ac.ir/article-1-579-en.html
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spelling doaj-a8603eb4f2f34287971161b72a1585a92021-03-27T08:51:04ZfasQom University of Medical SciencesMajallah-i Dānishgāh-i ̒Ulūm-i Pizishkī-i Qum1735-77992008-13752011-04-01513539Effect of Cognitive-behavioral Group Therapy on Anxiety and Depression Hemodialysis Patients in Kashan, IranA Ahmadvand0R Saie1Z Sepehrmanesh2AR Ghanbari3 Kashan University of Medical Sciences Akhavan Hospital Kashan University of Medical Sciences Kashan University of Medical Sciences Background and Objectives: Hemodialysis as a treatment manner in chronic renal failure is a stressful process and has several various psycho-cognitive and social complications. The present study evaluated effect of cognitive-behavioral group therapy on anxiety and depression in hemodialysis patients. Methods: This research was a clinical trial study. Samples were young adults who were 18-45 years old. The Participants were divided into two groups (case & control). The Beck depression & anxiety inventories were used as a measure of psychological symptoms at pretest and posttest and Cognitive-behavioral group therapy as intervention was done at week12. Data Were analyzed with SPSS-16 and t-test, chi square. A p<0.05 was considered significant. Results: In this study, there was not a significant difference in the demographic characteristics between the two groups. Before of intervention, mean Anxiety score of the experimental group was 25.72±5.87, and in the case group it was 25.22±7.56 as well as mean Depression score in the two groups was 35.44±14.97, 33.11±9.2 respectively. The difference of the two groups in anxiety and depression scores was not significant. After the intervention, the mean anxiety score of experimental group was 15.94±6.23, and in the case group it was 28.05±10.04 (p<0.05). Mean of depression score in the experimental group was 22.27±13.32, and in the case group it was 33.94±9.46 (p<0.01). Conclusion: This research showed that group therapy (cognitive-behavioral) decreased depression and anxiety remarkably in dialysis patients. Therefore, it is suggested that in addition to the prescription of medication, psychological interventions be done for such patients.http://journal.muq.ac.ir/article-1-579-en.htmldialysisgroup psychotherapyanxietydepression
collection DOAJ
language fas
format Article
sources DOAJ
author A Ahmadvand
R Saie
Z Sepehrmanesh
AR Ghanbari
spellingShingle A Ahmadvand
R Saie
Z Sepehrmanesh
AR Ghanbari
Effect of Cognitive-behavioral Group Therapy on Anxiety and Depression Hemodialysis Patients in Kashan, Iran
Majallah-i Dānishgāh-i ̒Ulūm-i Pizishkī-i Qum
dialysis
group psychotherapy
anxiety
depression
author_facet A Ahmadvand
R Saie
Z Sepehrmanesh
AR Ghanbari
author_sort A Ahmadvand
title Effect of Cognitive-behavioral Group Therapy on Anxiety and Depression Hemodialysis Patients in Kashan, Iran
title_short Effect of Cognitive-behavioral Group Therapy on Anxiety and Depression Hemodialysis Patients in Kashan, Iran
title_full Effect of Cognitive-behavioral Group Therapy on Anxiety and Depression Hemodialysis Patients in Kashan, Iran
title_fullStr Effect of Cognitive-behavioral Group Therapy on Anxiety and Depression Hemodialysis Patients in Kashan, Iran
title_full_unstemmed Effect of Cognitive-behavioral Group Therapy on Anxiety and Depression Hemodialysis Patients in Kashan, Iran
title_sort effect of cognitive-behavioral group therapy on anxiety and depression hemodialysis patients in kashan, iran
publisher Qom University of Medical Sciences
series Majallah-i Dānishgāh-i ̒Ulūm-i Pizishkī-i Qum
issn 1735-7799
2008-1375
publishDate 2011-04-01
description Background and Objectives: Hemodialysis as a treatment manner in chronic renal failure is a stressful process and has several various psycho-cognitive and social complications. The present study evaluated effect of cognitive-behavioral group therapy on anxiety and depression in hemodialysis patients. Methods: This research was a clinical trial study. Samples were young adults who were 18-45 years old. The Participants were divided into two groups (case & control). The Beck depression & anxiety inventories were used as a measure of psychological symptoms at pretest and posttest and Cognitive-behavioral group therapy as intervention was done at week12. Data Were analyzed with SPSS-16 and t-test, chi square. A p<0.05 was considered significant. Results: In this study, there was not a significant difference in the demographic characteristics between the two groups. Before of intervention, mean Anxiety score of the experimental group was 25.72±5.87, and in the case group it was 25.22±7.56 as well as mean Depression score in the two groups was 35.44±14.97, 33.11±9.2 respectively. The difference of the two groups in anxiety and depression scores was not significant. After the intervention, the mean anxiety score of experimental group was 15.94±6.23, and in the case group it was 28.05±10.04 (p<0.05). Mean of depression score in the experimental group was 22.27±13.32, and in the case group it was 33.94±9.46 (p<0.01). Conclusion: This research showed that group therapy (cognitive-behavioral) decreased depression and anxiety remarkably in dialysis patients. Therefore, it is suggested that in addition to the prescription of medication, psychological interventions be done for such patients.
topic dialysis
group psychotherapy
anxiety
depression
url http://journal.muq.ac.ir/article-1-579-en.html
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