Yearly trend of acute venous thromboembolism in patients admitted with heart failure in the United States

Introduction: Heart failure (HF) patients are at risk for venous thromboembolism (VTE) during the hospital stay. We aim to study the recent trend of deep vein thrombosis (DVT), pulmonary embolism (PE), and VTE in heart failure patients from years 2000–2013. Methods: We utilized the National (Nationw...

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Bibliographic Details
Main Authors: Sijan Basnet, Rashmi Dhital, Biswaraj Tharu, Dilli Ram Poudel, Anthony Donato
Format: Article
Language:English
Published: Taylor & Francis Group 2019-07-01
Series:Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
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Online Access:http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/20009666.2019.1634408
Description
Summary:Introduction: Heart failure (HF) patients are at risk for venous thromboembolism (VTE) during the hospital stay. We aim to study the recent trend of deep vein thrombosis (DVT), pulmonary embolism (PE), and VTE in heart failure patients from years 2000–2013. Methods: We utilized the National (Nationwide) Inpatient Sample database and selected non-pregnant patients over the age of 18 years for this purpose. We selected HF, DVT, PE, and VTE based on International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM). We used STATA for analysis. Results: We noted an increase in prevalence of DVT, PE and composite VTE among HF hospitalizations from 0.55%, 0.17% and 0.76% in 2000 to 0.96%, 0.4% and 1.46%, respectively, in 2013 and a decrease in trend of mortality among HF hospitalizations associated with DVT, PE and VTE from 8.95%, 16.36% and 10.80% in 2000 to 6.78%, 7.92% and 7.20%, respectively, in 2013. Conclusion: Increasing prevalence of VTE is concerning and suggests that we still need to work on delivering prophylaxis to all HF inpatients.
ISSN:2000-9666