Experimental Analysis of Soil and Mandarin Orange Plants Treated with Heavy Metals Found in Oilfield-Produced Wastewater

Despite a declining trend, California remains a significant oil-producing state. For every barrel of crude oil, an average of 15 barrels of oilfield produced water (OPW) is generated, some of which is used to boost freshwater sources for crop irrigation in the agriculturally important Central Valley...

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Bibliographic Details
Main Authors: Ailin Zhang, Veronica Cortes, Bradley Phelps, Hal van Ryswyk, Tanja Srebotnjak
Format: Article
Published: MDPI AG 2018-05-01
Online Access:http://www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/10/5/1493