Association of Social Support and Medication Adherence in Chinese Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

The prevalence of diabetes is steadily increasing in China. When diabetes is uncontrolled, it generates dire consequences for health and well-being. Numerous studies have shown that health outcomes were associated with social support and medication adherence. Previous study confirmed that social sup...

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Main Authors: Linni Gu, Shaomin Wu, Shuliang Zhao, Huixuan Zhou, Shengfa Zhang, Min Gao, Zhiyong Qu, Weijun Zhang, Donghua Tian
Format: Article
Language:English
Published: MDPI AG 2017-12-01
Series:International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Subjects:
Online Access:https://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/14/12/1522
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spelling doaj-b1997ea40f78451db1218636c698250c2020-11-24T21:18:33ZengMDPI AGInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health1660-46012017-12-011412152210.3390/ijerph14121522ijerph14121522Association of Social Support and Medication Adherence in Chinese Patients with Type 2 Diabetes MellitusLinni Gu0Shaomin Wu1Shuliang Zhao2Huixuan Zhou3Shengfa Zhang4Min Gao5Zhiyong Qu6Weijun Zhang7Donghua Tian8China Institute of Health, School of Social Development and Public Policy, Beijing Normal University, 19 Xinjiekou Wai Street, Haidian District, Beijing 100875, ChinaChina Institute of Health, School of Social Development and Public Policy, Beijing Normal University, 19 Xinjiekou Wai Street, Haidian District, Beijing 100875, ChinaSchool of Public administration, Shandong Technology and Business University, 191 Binhaizhong Road, Yantai 264000, ChinaChina Institute of Health, School of Social Development and Public Policy, Beijing Normal University, 19 Xinjiekou Wai Street, Haidian District, Beijing 100875, ChinaChina Institute of Health, School of Social Development and Public Policy, Beijing Normal University, 19 Xinjiekou Wai Street, Haidian District, Beijing 100875, ChinaChina Institute of Health, School of Social Development and Public Policy, Beijing Normal University, 19 Xinjiekou Wai Street, Haidian District, Beijing 100875, ChinaChina Institute of Health, School of Social Development and Public Policy, Beijing Normal University, 19 Xinjiekou Wai Street, Haidian District, Beijing 100875, ChinaChina Institute of Health, School of Social Development and Public Policy, Beijing Normal University, 19 Xinjiekou Wai Street, Haidian District, Beijing 100875, ChinaChina Institute of Health, School of Social Development and Public Policy, Beijing Normal University, 19 Xinjiekou Wai Street, Haidian District, Beijing 100875, ChinaThe prevalence of diabetes is steadily increasing in China. When diabetes is uncontrolled, it generates dire consequences for health and well-being. Numerous studies have shown that health outcomes were associated with social support and medication adherence. Previous study confirmed that social support was associated with medication adherence in patients with heart failure, HIV diseases, and first-episode psychosis. However, the relationship between social support and medication adherence in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is remains unclear. This study aims to examine whether social support is associated with medication adherence in patients with T2DM. This study was conducted in the First Affiliated Hospital of the General Hospital of the People’s Liberation Army (PLA). In Beijing, a systematic random sample of 412 patients with T2DM over 18 years was recruited at baseline, and demographic characteristics, clinical data and their assessment of social support were collected from medical records and self-reported questionnaires. 330 of these patients completed a self-report measure of medication adherence at the sixth month after baseline data collection. Regression analysis showed that social support presented a positive effect on medication adherence, additionally, support utilization and the subscale of social support exhibited a significantly strong influence on medication adherence in patients with T2DM. Although medication adherence was influenced by multiple factors, this finding confirmed that social support must be recognized as a core element in interventions aimed at improving in the management of patients with T2DM.https://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/14/12/1522type 2 diabetes mellitussocial supportmedication adherence
collection DOAJ
language English
format Article
sources DOAJ
author Linni Gu
Shaomin Wu
Shuliang Zhao
Huixuan Zhou
Shengfa Zhang
Min Gao
Zhiyong Qu
Weijun Zhang
Donghua Tian
spellingShingle Linni Gu
Shaomin Wu
Shuliang Zhao
Huixuan Zhou
Shengfa Zhang
Min Gao
Zhiyong Qu
Weijun Zhang
Donghua Tian
Association of Social Support and Medication Adherence in Chinese Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
type 2 diabetes mellitus
social support
medication adherence
author_facet Linni Gu
Shaomin Wu
Shuliang Zhao
Huixuan Zhou
Shengfa Zhang
Min Gao
Zhiyong Qu
Weijun Zhang
Donghua Tian
author_sort Linni Gu
title Association of Social Support and Medication Adherence in Chinese Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
title_short Association of Social Support and Medication Adherence in Chinese Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
title_full Association of Social Support and Medication Adherence in Chinese Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
title_fullStr Association of Social Support and Medication Adherence in Chinese Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
title_full_unstemmed Association of Social Support and Medication Adherence in Chinese Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
title_sort association of social support and medication adherence in chinese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus
publisher MDPI AG
series International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
issn 1660-4601
publishDate 2017-12-01
description The prevalence of diabetes is steadily increasing in China. When diabetes is uncontrolled, it generates dire consequences for health and well-being. Numerous studies have shown that health outcomes were associated with social support and medication adherence. Previous study confirmed that social support was associated with medication adherence in patients with heart failure, HIV diseases, and first-episode psychosis. However, the relationship between social support and medication adherence in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is remains unclear. This study aims to examine whether social support is associated with medication adherence in patients with T2DM. This study was conducted in the First Affiliated Hospital of the General Hospital of the People’s Liberation Army (PLA). In Beijing, a systematic random sample of 412 patients with T2DM over 18 years was recruited at baseline, and demographic characteristics, clinical data and their assessment of social support were collected from medical records and self-reported questionnaires. 330 of these patients completed a self-report measure of medication adherence at the sixth month after baseline data collection. Regression analysis showed that social support presented a positive effect on medication adherence, additionally, support utilization and the subscale of social support exhibited a significantly strong influence on medication adherence in patients with T2DM. Although medication adherence was influenced by multiple factors, this finding confirmed that social support must be recognized as a core element in interventions aimed at improving in the management of patients with T2DM.
topic type 2 diabetes mellitus
social support
medication adherence
url https://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/14/12/1522
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