Association of Different Forms of Child Maltreatment With Peer Victimization in Mexican Children and Adolescents

Objective: To examine the relationship between exposure to multiple forms of child abuse and neglect within the family context and peer victimization at school, accounting for the moderator effect of sex and educational level.Methods: Two thousand four hundred fifteen children and adolescents, aged...

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Main Authors: Javier Martín-Babarro, M. Paz Toldos, Lorena Paredes-Becerra, Renzo Abregu-Crespo, Juan Fernández-Sánchez, Covadonga M. Díaz-Caneja
Format: Article
Language:English
Published: Frontiers Media S.A. 2021-08-01
Series:Frontiers in Psychology
Subjects:
Online Access:https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpsyg.2021.662121/full
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spelling doaj-c6c40a8207bf436592681207381333012021-08-06T08:39:54ZengFrontiers Media S.A.Frontiers in Psychology1664-10782021-08-011210.3389/fpsyg.2021.662121662121Association of Different Forms of Child Maltreatment With Peer Victimization in Mexican Children and AdolescentsJavier Martín-Babarro0M. Paz Toldos1Lorena Paredes-Becerra2Renzo Abregu-Crespo3Renzo Abregu-Crespo4Juan Fernández-Sánchez5Covadonga M. Díaz-Caneja6Departamento de Investigación y Psicología en Educación, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Madrid, SpainTecnologico de Monterrey, Monterrey, MexicoDepartamento de Investigación y Psicología en Educación, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Madrid, SpainDepartment of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Institute of Psychiatry and Mental Health, Hospital General Universitario Gregorio Marañón, IiSGM, CIBERSAM, School of Medicine, Universidad Complutense, Madrid, SpainSchool of Psychology, Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia, Madrid, SpainDepartamento de Investigación y Psicología en Educación, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Madrid, SpainDepartment of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Institute of Psychiatry and Mental Health, Hospital General Universitario Gregorio Marañón, IiSGM, CIBERSAM, School of Medicine, Universidad Complutense, Madrid, SpainObjective: To examine the relationship between exposure to multiple forms of child abuse and neglect within the family context and peer victimization at school, accounting for the moderator effect of sex and educational level.Methods: Two thousand four hundred fifteen children and adolescents, aged 9 to 15 years, attending public schools in Mexico completed the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire-Short Form and a modified version of the Olweus' Bully/Victim Questionnaire. We used linear regression models to assess the association of five different forms of child abuse (emotional, physical, and sexual abuse, and emotional and physical negligence) with three forms of peer victimization (direct, indirect, and cyberbullying).Results: Direct forms of child abuse within the family (i.e., emotional, physical, and sexual abuse), but not neglect, were significantly and positively associated with a risk for peer victimization. In the fully adjusted models, emotional abuse was significantly associated with the three types of peer victimization: [indirect b = 0.48, t = 6.75, p < 0.001, direct (b = 0.47, t = 4.89, p < 0.001), and cyberbullying (b = 0.85, t = 5.45, p < 0. 001)]; while physical abuse was positive and significantly associated with direct victimization (b = 0.29, t = 3.28, p < 0.001). Boys suffering from sexual abuse within the family context showed higher levels of all subtypes of peer victimization. Students attending secondary school who suffered from sexual abuse showed higher levels of indirect victimization than did students attending primary schools.Conclusion: Child abuse within the family context seems to be associated with the risk of peer victimization. Preventive strategies to address bullying and promote resilience should take family factors into account. Interventions for high-risk families might be useful to prevent child multi-victimization.https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpsyg.2021.662121/fullpeer victimizationbullyingchild malteratmentadolescentsdevelopmentpolyvictimization
collection DOAJ
language English
format Article
sources DOAJ
author Javier Martín-Babarro
M. Paz Toldos
Lorena Paredes-Becerra
Renzo Abregu-Crespo
Renzo Abregu-Crespo
Juan Fernández-Sánchez
Covadonga M. Díaz-Caneja
spellingShingle Javier Martín-Babarro
M. Paz Toldos
Lorena Paredes-Becerra
Renzo Abregu-Crespo
Renzo Abregu-Crespo
Juan Fernández-Sánchez
Covadonga M. Díaz-Caneja
Association of Different Forms of Child Maltreatment With Peer Victimization in Mexican Children and Adolescents
Frontiers in Psychology
peer victimization
bullying
child malteratment
adolescents
development
polyvictimization
author_facet Javier Martín-Babarro
M. Paz Toldos
Lorena Paredes-Becerra
Renzo Abregu-Crespo
Renzo Abregu-Crespo
Juan Fernández-Sánchez
Covadonga M. Díaz-Caneja
author_sort Javier Martín-Babarro
title Association of Different Forms of Child Maltreatment With Peer Victimization in Mexican Children and Adolescents
title_short Association of Different Forms of Child Maltreatment With Peer Victimization in Mexican Children and Adolescents
title_full Association of Different Forms of Child Maltreatment With Peer Victimization in Mexican Children and Adolescents
title_fullStr Association of Different Forms of Child Maltreatment With Peer Victimization in Mexican Children and Adolescents
title_full_unstemmed Association of Different Forms of Child Maltreatment With Peer Victimization in Mexican Children and Adolescents
title_sort association of different forms of child maltreatment with peer victimization in mexican children and adolescents
publisher Frontiers Media S.A.
series Frontiers in Psychology
issn 1664-1078
publishDate 2021-08-01
description Objective: To examine the relationship between exposure to multiple forms of child abuse and neglect within the family context and peer victimization at school, accounting for the moderator effect of sex and educational level.Methods: Two thousand four hundred fifteen children and adolescents, aged 9 to 15 years, attending public schools in Mexico completed the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire-Short Form and a modified version of the Olweus' Bully/Victim Questionnaire. We used linear regression models to assess the association of five different forms of child abuse (emotional, physical, and sexual abuse, and emotional and physical negligence) with three forms of peer victimization (direct, indirect, and cyberbullying).Results: Direct forms of child abuse within the family (i.e., emotional, physical, and sexual abuse), but not neglect, were significantly and positively associated with a risk for peer victimization. In the fully adjusted models, emotional abuse was significantly associated with the three types of peer victimization: [indirect b = 0.48, t = 6.75, p < 0.001, direct (b = 0.47, t = 4.89, p < 0.001), and cyberbullying (b = 0.85, t = 5.45, p < 0. 001)]; while physical abuse was positive and significantly associated with direct victimization (b = 0.29, t = 3.28, p < 0.001). Boys suffering from sexual abuse within the family context showed higher levels of all subtypes of peer victimization. Students attending secondary school who suffered from sexual abuse showed higher levels of indirect victimization than did students attending primary schools.Conclusion: Child abuse within the family context seems to be associated with the risk of peer victimization. Preventive strategies to address bullying and promote resilience should take family factors into account. Interventions for high-risk families might be useful to prevent child multi-victimization.
topic peer victimization
bullying
child malteratment
adolescents
development
polyvictimization
url https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpsyg.2021.662121/full
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