Prevalence and determinant of early childhood caries among the children attending the Anganwadis of Wardha district, India

Background: Dental caries is one of the most common chronic diseases of early childhood. Dental problems in early childhood have been shown to be predictive of future dental problems, growth and development by interfering with comfort, nutrition, concentration, and school participation. Aim: To fin...

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Main Authors: Abhay M Gaidhane, Manoj Patil, Nazli Khatib, Sanjay Zodpey, Quazi Syed Zahiruddin
Format: Article
Language:English
Published: Wolters Kluwer Medknow Publications 2013-01-01
Series:Indian Journal of Dental Research
Subjects:
Online Access:http://www.ijdr.in/article.asp?issn=0970-9290;year=2013;volume=24;issue=2;spage=199;epage=205;aulast=Gaidhane
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spelling doaj-d70453b1b89544e4a9e98074b857972c2020-11-25T01:27:31ZengWolters Kluwer Medknow PublicationsIndian Journal of Dental Research0970-92901998-36032013-01-0124219920510.4103/0970-9290.116677Prevalence and determinant of early childhood caries among the children attending the Anganwadis of Wardha district, IndiaAbhay M GaidhaneManoj PatilNazli KhatibSanjay ZodpeyQuazi Syed ZahiruddinBackground: Dental caries is one of the most common chronic diseases of early childhood. Dental problems in early childhood have been shown to be predictive of future dental problems, growth and development by interfering with comfort, nutrition, concentration, and school participation. Aim: To find out the prevalence of Early childhood caries (ECC) among the children attending the Anganwadis of Wardha district, to determine the feeding habits and their relationship to early childhood caries. Materials and Methods: Community-based cross-sectional study among the selected Anganwadis children of 2-5 years of Wardha district. Result: A total 330 subjects, 105 children were found to be having ECC, 47 (30.92%) males and 58 (32.58%) females. Total 215 children belonged to 43-60 months age group. Out of these, 72 (33.48%) children were having ECC. A significant association was found between the history of bottle-feeding and ECC (P = 0.0218). Prevalence of ECC was more among those who were bottle-fed than those who were not bottle-fed. Conclusion: Future health promotion and education programs in Anganwadis should include oral health issues and the risk factors for ECC, and its consequences should be addressed. Public-funded oral health program should be started and targeted at children from lower socioeconomic status. Effective strategies should be developed to promote use of brush and paste for cleaning teeth and discouraging inappropriate bottle-feeding, discouraging on demand consumption of chocolates and sugars.http://www.ijdr.in/article.asp?issn=0970-9290;year=2013;volume=24;issue=2;spage=199;epage=205;aulast=GaidhaneChildrendeterminantearly childhood cariesprevalence
collection DOAJ
language English
format Article
sources DOAJ
author Abhay M Gaidhane
Manoj Patil
Nazli Khatib
Sanjay Zodpey
Quazi Syed Zahiruddin
spellingShingle Abhay M Gaidhane
Manoj Patil
Nazli Khatib
Sanjay Zodpey
Quazi Syed Zahiruddin
Prevalence and determinant of early childhood caries among the children attending the Anganwadis of Wardha district, India
Indian Journal of Dental Research
Children
determinant
early childhood caries
prevalence
author_facet Abhay M Gaidhane
Manoj Patil
Nazli Khatib
Sanjay Zodpey
Quazi Syed Zahiruddin
author_sort Abhay M Gaidhane
title Prevalence and determinant of early childhood caries among the children attending the Anganwadis of Wardha district, India
title_short Prevalence and determinant of early childhood caries among the children attending the Anganwadis of Wardha district, India
title_full Prevalence and determinant of early childhood caries among the children attending the Anganwadis of Wardha district, India
title_fullStr Prevalence and determinant of early childhood caries among the children attending the Anganwadis of Wardha district, India
title_full_unstemmed Prevalence and determinant of early childhood caries among the children attending the Anganwadis of Wardha district, India
title_sort prevalence and determinant of early childhood caries among the children attending the anganwadis of wardha district, india
publisher Wolters Kluwer Medknow Publications
series Indian Journal of Dental Research
issn 0970-9290
1998-3603
publishDate 2013-01-01
description Background: Dental caries is one of the most common chronic diseases of early childhood. Dental problems in early childhood have been shown to be predictive of future dental problems, growth and development by interfering with comfort, nutrition, concentration, and school participation. Aim: To find out the prevalence of Early childhood caries (ECC) among the children attending the Anganwadis of Wardha district, to determine the feeding habits and their relationship to early childhood caries. Materials and Methods: Community-based cross-sectional study among the selected Anganwadis children of 2-5 years of Wardha district. Result: A total 330 subjects, 105 children were found to be having ECC, 47 (30.92%) males and 58 (32.58%) females. Total 215 children belonged to 43-60 months age group. Out of these, 72 (33.48%) children were having ECC. A significant association was found between the history of bottle-feeding and ECC (P = 0.0218). Prevalence of ECC was more among those who were bottle-fed than those who were not bottle-fed. Conclusion: Future health promotion and education programs in Anganwadis should include oral health issues and the risk factors for ECC, and its consequences should be addressed. Public-funded oral health program should be started and targeted at children from lower socioeconomic status. Effective strategies should be developed to promote use of brush and paste for cleaning teeth and discouraging inappropriate bottle-feeding, discouraging on demand consumption of chocolates and sugars.
topic Children
determinant
early childhood caries
prevalence
url http://www.ijdr.in/article.asp?issn=0970-9290;year=2013;volume=24;issue=2;spage=199;epage=205;aulast=Gaidhane
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