Early Start Peritoneal Dialysis: Technique Survival in Long-Term Follow-Up
Background/Aims: Peritoneal dialysis (PD) has gained interest over the last decade as a viable option for early start dialysis. It is still unknown if shorter break-in periods and less time for proper patient evaluation and training could influence technique survival in comparison to planned-start P...
|Main Authors:||, , , , , , ,|
|Series:||Kidney & Blood Pressure Research|
|Summary:||Background/Aims: Peritoneal dialysis (PD) has gained interest over the last decade as a viable option for early start dialysis. It is still unknown if shorter break-in periods and less time for proper patient evaluation and training could influence technique survival in comparison to planned-start PD. Methods: A prospective and observational study that compared technique survival in a cohort of patients who started either early or planned PD. Early start PD was defined as break-in period from 3 to 14 days with no previous nephrologist follow-up or patient training. Results: A total of 154 patients were included (40 as early start PD), followed by a median time of 381 days. Comparing early vs. planned-start PD, groups were similar concerning age 56 (40; 70) vs. 48 (32; 63) years, p=0.071, body mass index (BMI) 23.3 ± 4.2 vs. 23.8 ± 4.0 kg/m2, p=0.567 and male gender (60 vs. 48%, p=0.201), respectively. Comparing early vs. planned-start groups, there were no differences regarding PD dropout for peritonitis (7.5 vs. 11.4%, p=0.764), catheter dysfunction (12.5 vs. 17.5%, p=0.619) and patient burnout (0 vs. 4.4%, p=0.328), respectively. Less patients in early start group quit PD for peritoneal membrane failure in comparison to planned-start group (2.5 vs. 16.7%, p=0.026). In multivariate cox-regression analysis, the only factors independently associated with technique failure were BMI> 25 kg/m² (p=0.033) and Diabetes Mellitus (p=0.013), whereas no differences regarding early vs. planned-PD start were observed (p=0.184). Conclusion: Despite the adverse scenario for initiating dialysis, early start PD had similar outcomes in comparison to planned-start PD in long-term follow-up.|