Epidemiology of pediculosis capitis among schoolchildren in Damascus, Syria

Background: Pediculosis is a common ectoparasitic infection in schoolchildren, causing a public health problem, which is neglected in Syria. Objective: This study aimed to determine the prevalence of infestation with head lice among primary schoolchildren in Damascus, Syria, and explore the predispo...

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Main Authors: Mohammad Taher Ismail, Mohammad Maher Kabakibi, Abeer Al-Kafri
Format: Article
Language:English
Published: Wolters Kluwer Medknow Publications 2018-01-01
Series:Indian Journal of Paediatric Dermatology
Subjects:
Online Access:http://www.ijpd.in/article.asp?issn=2319-7250;year=2018;volume=19;issue=4;spage=331;epage=334;aulast=Ismail
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spelling doaj-e614eb1f37574db6891789e63ff987e92020-11-25T00:05:00ZengWolters Kluwer Medknow PublicationsIndian Journal of Paediatric Dermatology2319-72502018-01-0119433133410.4103/ijpd.IJPD_123_17Epidemiology of pediculosis capitis among schoolchildren in Damascus, SyriaMohammad Taher IsmailMohammad Maher KabakibiAbeer Al-KafriBackground: Pediculosis is a common ectoparasitic infection in schoolchildren, causing a public health problem, which is neglected in Syria. Objective: This study aimed to determine the prevalence of infestation with head lice among primary schoolchildren in Damascus, Syria, and explore the predisposing factors of head lice infestation in public schools. Materials and Methods: The present study was to determine the head lice infestation (pediculosis) levels in primary schoolchildren, from March to July 2017. A total of 8689 (females: 4392, males 4297) schoolchildren aged 6–12 years from 18 selected primary school of Damascus city and countryside were examined for head lice. Pediculosis was defined as the presence of at least on living adult, nymph, or viable egg. Results: The overall head lice infestation rate was 14. 3% (1243/8689) and infestation rate was higher in girls (23.72%, 1042/4392) than in boys (4.67%, 201/4297). The infestation rate among schoolchildren varied from 1.4% to 60.7% and depended on the age group is 18.10% (6–8 years), 12.22% (9–10 years), and 13.30% (11–12 years). The infestation rate among girls varied from 22.2% (10–12-year-old group) to 42.8% (6–8-year-old group). Conclusions: Pediculosis is a common public health problem affecting primary schoolchildren in Damascus area, and the levels of infestation are of an endemic significance.http://www.ijpd.in/article.asp?issn=2319-7250;year=2018;volume=19;issue=4;spage=331;epage=334;aulast=IsmailDamascusepidemiologypediculosis capitisschoolchildrenSyria
collection DOAJ
language English
format Article
sources DOAJ
author Mohammad Taher Ismail
Mohammad Maher Kabakibi
Abeer Al-Kafri
spellingShingle Mohammad Taher Ismail
Mohammad Maher Kabakibi
Abeer Al-Kafri
Epidemiology of pediculosis capitis among schoolchildren in Damascus, Syria
Indian Journal of Paediatric Dermatology
Damascus
epidemiology
pediculosis capitis
schoolchildren
Syria
author_facet Mohammad Taher Ismail
Mohammad Maher Kabakibi
Abeer Al-Kafri
author_sort Mohammad Taher Ismail
title Epidemiology of pediculosis capitis among schoolchildren in Damascus, Syria
title_short Epidemiology of pediculosis capitis among schoolchildren in Damascus, Syria
title_full Epidemiology of pediculosis capitis among schoolchildren in Damascus, Syria
title_fullStr Epidemiology of pediculosis capitis among schoolchildren in Damascus, Syria
title_full_unstemmed Epidemiology of pediculosis capitis among schoolchildren in Damascus, Syria
title_sort epidemiology of pediculosis capitis among schoolchildren in damascus, syria
publisher Wolters Kluwer Medknow Publications
series Indian Journal of Paediatric Dermatology
issn 2319-7250
publishDate 2018-01-01
description Background: Pediculosis is a common ectoparasitic infection in schoolchildren, causing a public health problem, which is neglected in Syria. Objective: This study aimed to determine the prevalence of infestation with head lice among primary schoolchildren in Damascus, Syria, and explore the predisposing factors of head lice infestation in public schools. Materials and Methods: The present study was to determine the head lice infestation (pediculosis) levels in primary schoolchildren, from March to July 2017. A total of 8689 (females: 4392, males 4297) schoolchildren aged 6–12 years from 18 selected primary school of Damascus city and countryside were examined for head lice. Pediculosis was defined as the presence of at least on living adult, nymph, or viable egg. Results: The overall head lice infestation rate was 14. 3% (1243/8689) and infestation rate was higher in girls (23.72%, 1042/4392) than in boys (4.67%, 201/4297). The infestation rate among schoolchildren varied from 1.4% to 60.7% and depended on the age group is 18.10% (6–8 years), 12.22% (9–10 years), and 13.30% (11–12 years). The infestation rate among girls varied from 22.2% (10–12-year-old group) to 42.8% (6–8-year-old group). Conclusions: Pediculosis is a common public health problem affecting primary schoolchildren in Damascus area, and the levels of infestation are of an endemic significance.
topic Damascus
epidemiology
pediculosis capitis
schoolchildren
Syria
url http://www.ijpd.in/article.asp?issn=2319-7250;year=2018;volume=19;issue=4;spage=331;epage=334;aulast=Ismail
work_keys_str_mv AT mohammadtaherismail epidemiologyofpediculosiscapitisamongschoolchildrenindamascussyria
AT mohammadmaherkabakibi epidemiologyofpediculosiscapitisamongschoolchildrenindamascussyria
AT abeeralkafri epidemiologyofpediculosiscapitisamongschoolchildrenindamascussyria
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