Torque differences due to the material variation of the orthodontic appliance: a finite element study

Abstract Background Torque of the maxillary incisors is crucial to occlusal relationship and esthetics and can be influenced by many factors. The aim of this study was to assess the relative influence of the material of the orthodontic appliance (adhesive, bracket, ligature, and wire) on tooth displ...

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Bibliographic Details
Main Authors: Spyridon N. Papageorgiou, Ludger Keilig, Vaska Vandevska-Radunovic, Theodore Eliades, Christoph Bourauel
Format: Article
Published: SpringerOpen 2017-02-01
Series:Progress in Orthodontics
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