Translation, Cross-cultural Adaptation, and Psychometric Properties of the Turkish Version of the Self-care Ability Scale for the Elderly

Purpose The Self-care Ability Scale for the Elderly (SASE) is a frequently used scale that was created in Sweden according to Orem’s self-care deficit theory and later modified according to Pörn’s theory of environment and purpose. This study translated and cross-culturally adapted the Turkish versi...

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Main Authors: Mehmet Özkeskin, Fatih Özden, Sevnaz Şahin
Format: Article
Language:English
Published: Korea Geriatrics Society 2021-06-01
Series:Annals of Geriatric Medicine and Research
Subjects:
Online Access:http://www.e-agmr.org/upload/pdf/agmr-21-0046.pdf
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spelling doaj-ee9317661b314c528b9787ed4b31029f2021-06-30T01:06:22ZengKorea Geriatrics SocietyAnnals of Geriatric Medicine and Research2508-47982508-49092021-06-0125212212810.4235/agmr.21.0046972Translation, Cross-cultural Adaptation, and Psychometric Properties of the Turkish Version of the Self-care Ability Scale for the ElderlyMehmet Özkeskin0Fatih Özden1Sevnaz Şahin2 Department of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation, Faculty of Health Sciences, Ege University, Izmir, Turkey Department of Elderly Care, Koycegiz Vocational School of Health Services, Mugla Sitki Kocman University, Mugla, Turkey Division of Geriatrics, Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Ege University, Izmir, TurkeyPurpose The Self-care Ability Scale for the Elderly (SASE) is a frequently used scale that was created in Sweden according to Orem’s self-care deficit theory and later modified according to Pörn’s theory of environment and purpose. This study translated and cross-culturally adapted the Turkish version of the SASE (T-SASE) and demonstrated its psychometric properties, including its reliability and construct validity. Methods This study recruited a total of 122 participants and applied international guidelines for the translation and adaptation of the scale. The test-retest reliability of the SASE was calculated at 1-week intervals. Internal consistency was analyzed using Cronbach’s alpha. For construct validity, we compared the T-SASE to the Nottingham Extended Activities of Daily Living Scale (NEADLS) and the Exercise of Self-Care Agency Scale (ESCAS). Results The mean age of the participants was 68.6±5.7 years. The test-retest reliability of the T-SASE was excellent (intraclass correlation coefficient=0.914; 95% confidence interval, 0.81–0.95). The internal consistency of the total T-SASE score was also excellent (Cronbach’s α=0.912), as were the Cronbach’s alpha scores for the individual items, ranging from 0.901 to 0.915. The items were also highly consistent with each other (Cronbach’s α>0.80). The construct validity of the T-SASE was acceptable (0.35<r<0.50) in a convergent manner. The T-SASE was also strongly correlated with the NEADLS and ESCAS (r1=0.405, r2=0.437, p<0.01). Conclusions The T-SASE was a reliable and valid tool for assessing the self-care ability of community-dwelling older adults. Owing to its multidimensional structure, the T-SASE is an essential tool for evaluating self-care in older adults.http://www.e-agmr.org/upload/pdf/agmr-21-0046.pdfpsychometricsself-careaptitudesurveys and questionnaires
collection DOAJ
language English
format Article
sources DOAJ
author Mehmet Özkeskin
Fatih Özden
Sevnaz Şahin
spellingShingle Mehmet Özkeskin
Fatih Özden
Sevnaz Şahin
Translation, Cross-cultural Adaptation, and Psychometric Properties of the Turkish Version of the Self-care Ability Scale for the Elderly
Annals of Geriatric Medicine and Research
psychometrics
self-care
aptitude
surveys and questionnaires
author_facet Mehmet Özkeskin
Fatih Özden
Sevnaz Şahin
author_sort Mehmet Özkeskin
title Translation, Cross-cultural Adaptation, and Psychometric Properties of the Turkish Version of the Self-care Ability Scale for the Elderly
title_short Translation, Cross-cultural Adaptation, and Psychometric Properties of the Turkish Version of the Self-care Ability Scale for the Elderly
title_full Translation, Cross-cultural Adaptation, and Psychometric Properties of the Turkish Version of the Self-care Ability Scale for the Elderly
title_fullStr Translation, Cross-cultural Adaptation, and Psychometric Properties of the Turkish Version of the Self-care Ability Scale for the Elderly
title_full_unstemmed Translation, Cross-cultural Adaptation, and Psychometric Properties of the Turkish Version of the Self-care Ability Scale for the Elderly
title_sort translation, cross-cultural adaptation, and psychometric properties of the turkish version of the self-care ability scale for the elderly
publisher Korea Geriatrics Society
series Annals of Geriatric Medicine and Research
issn 2508-4798
2508-4909
publishDate 2021-06-01
description Purpose The Self-care Ability Scale for the Elderly (SASE) is a frequently used scale that was created in Sweden according to Orem’s self-care deficit theory and later modified according to Pörn’s theory of environment and purpose. This study translated and cross-culturally adapted the Turkish version of the SASE (T-SASE) and demonstrated its psychometric properties, including its reliability and construct validity. Methods This study recruited a total of 122 participants and applied international guidelines for the translation and adaptation of the scale. The test-retest reliability of the SASE was calculated at 1-week intervals. Internal consistency was analyzed using Cronbach’s alpha. For construct validity, we compared the T-SASE to the Nottingham Extended Activities of Daily Living Scale (NEADLS) and the Exercise of Self-Care Agency Scale (ESCAS). Results The mean age of the participants was 68.6±5.7 years. The test-retest reliability of the T-SASE was excellent (intraclass correlation coefficient=0.914; 95% confidence interval, 0.81–0.95). The internal consistency of the total T-SASE score was also excellent (Cronbach’s α=0.912), as were the Cronbach’s alpha scores for the individual items, ranging from 0.901 to 0.915. The items were also highly consistent with each other (Cronbach’s α>0.80). The construct validity of the T-SASE was acceptable (0.35<r<0.50) in a convergent manner. The T-SASE was also strongly correlated with the NEADLS and ESCAS (r1=0.405, r2=0.437, p<0.01). Conclusions The T-SASE was a reliable and valid tool for assessing the self-care ability of community-dwelling older adults. Owing to its multidimensional structure, the T-SASE is an essential tool for evaluating self-care in older adults.
topic psychometrics
self-care
aptitude
surveys and questionnaires
url http://www.e-agmr.org/upload/pdf/agmr-21-0046.pdf
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