The relationship between maternal confidence, infant temperament, and postpartum depression

Background: Although several studies have emphasized the correlation of infant temperament and maternal confidence, this topic has not been explored in different culture and geographical contexts. We study association of maternal confidence, infant temperament, and postpartum depression among postna...

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Main Authors: BabuHalina JayaSalengia, Singaravelu Rajeswari, SiralaJagadeesh Nalini
Format: Article
Language:English
Published: Wolters Kluwer Medknow Publications 2019-01-01
Series:Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
Subjects:
Online Access:http://www.ijnmrjournal.net/article.asp?issn=1735-9066;year=2019;volume=24;issue=6;spage=437;epage=443;aulast=JayaSalengia
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spelling doaj-fae1d357bfa440a4b3196097419586ff2020-11-25T01:22:07ZengWolters Kluwer Medknow PublicationsIranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research1735-90662019-01-0124643744310.4103/ijnmr.IJNMR_208_18The relationship between maternal confidence, infant temperament, and postpartum depressionBabuHalina JayaSalengiaSingaravelu RajeswariSiralaJagadeesh NaliniBackground: Although several studies have emphasized the correlation of infant temperament and maternal confidence, this topic has not been explored in different culture and geographical contexts. We study association of maternal confidence, infant temperament, and postpartum depression among postnatal mothers. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted at Sriramachandra Institute of Higher Education and Research, India from July 2017 to May 2018. The sample population comprised of mothers at 6 weeks of postnatal period attending the Immunization Clinic. The instruments used were standardized Karitane's Parenting Confidence Scale (KPCS), Bates Infant Characteristics Questionnaire (BICQ), and Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS). A structured questionnaire was used to collect data from postnatal mothers. Data were analyzed with Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) ver. 19, using analysis of variance, correlation coefficient, multivariable regression. Results: In this study, 64.40% of the population had high level of confidence and 80% postnatal mothers had no depression. A significant association (t2= 18.15, p = 0.001) was seen between maternal confidence, family support, and place of living. Regression analysis showed that confidence of postnatal mothers has a significant influence (t2= 12.48, p < 0.005) on infant temperament. Conclusions: Two-third of the postnatal mothers had high confidence level with no depression. A positive correlation between postpartum depression and infant temperament was found to be associated with income, parity, and maternal confidence. A significant association was also seen of infant temperament with type of family, income, place of living, and sex of the baby.http://www.ijnmrjournal.net/article.asp?issn=1735-9066;year=2019;volume=24;issue=6;spage=437;epage=443;aulast=JayaSalengiainfant temperamentmaternal confidencepostnatal motherspostpartum depression
collection DOAJ
language English
format Article
sources DOAJ
author BabuHalina JayaSalengia
Singaravelu Rajeswari
SiralaJagadeesh Nalini
spellingShingle BabuHalina JayaSalengia
Singaravelu Rajeswari
SiralaJagadeesh Nalini
The relationship between maternal confidence, infant temperament, and postpartum depression
Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
infant temperament
maternal confidence
postnatal mothers
postpartum depression
author_facet BabuHalina JayaSalengia
Singaravelu Rajeswari
SiralaJagadeesh Nalini
author_sort BabuHalina JayaSalengia
title The relationship between maternal confidence, infant temperament, and postpartum depression
title_short The relationship between maternal confidence, infant temperament, and postpartum depression
title_full The relationship between maternal confidence, infant temperament, and postpartum depression
title_fullStr The relationship between maternal confidence, infant temperament, and postpartum depression
title_full_unstemmed The relationship between maternal confidence, infant temperament, and postpartum depression
title_sort relationship between maternal confidence, infant temperament, and postpartum depression
publisher Wolters Kluwer Medknow Publications
series Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
issn 1735-9066
publishDate 2019-01-01
description Background: Although several studies have emphasized the correlation of infant temperament and maternal confidence, this topic has not been explored in different culture and geographical contexts. We study association of maternal confidence, infant temperament, and postpartum depression among postnatal mothers. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted at Sriramachandra Institute of Higher Education and Research, India from July 2017 to May 2018. The sample population comprised of mothers at 6 weeks of postnatal period attending the Immunization Clinic. The instruments used were standardized Karitane's Parenting Confidence Scale (KPCS), Bates Infant Characteristics Questionnaire (BICQ), and Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS). A structured questionnaire was used to collect data from postnatal mothers. Data were analyzed with Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) ver. 19, using analysis of variance, correlation coefficient, multivariable regression. Results: In this study, 64.40% of the population had high level of confidence and 80% postnatal mothers had no depression. A significant association (t2= 18.15, p = 0.001) was seen between maternal confidence, family support, and place of living. Regression analysis showed that confidence of postnatal mothers has a significant influence (t2= 12.48, p < 0.005) on infant temperament. Conclusions: Two-third of the postnatal mothers had high confidence level with no depression. A positive correlation between postpartum depression and infant temperament was found to be associated with income, parity, and maternal confidence. A significant association was also seen of infant temperament with type of family, income, place of living, and sex of the baby.
topic infant temperament
maternal confidence
postnatal mothers
postpartum depression
url http://www.ijnmrjournal.net/article.asp?issn=1735-9066;year=2019;volume=24;issue=6;spage=437;epage=443;aulast=JayaSalengia
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