Quality of life profile of general Vietnamese population using EQ-5D-5L

Abstract Background Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) is a vital benchmark to assess the effects of health interventions and policies. Measuring HRQOL of the general population is essential to establish a reference for health outcomes evaluations. However, evidence on HRQOL of general populatio...

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Main Authors: Long Hoang Nguyen, Bach Xuan Tran, Quynh Ngoc Hoang Le, Tung Thanh Tran, Carl A. Latkin
Format: Article
Language:English
Published: BMC 2017-10-01
Series:Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
Subjects:
Online Access:http://link.springer.com/article/10.1186/s12955-017-0771-0
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spelling doaj-fb5fc32a1e9a49c2b67ab4a7f9590cbb2020-11-24T20:43:04ZengBMCHealth and Quality of Life Outcomes1477-75252017-10-0115111310.1186/s12955-017-0771-0Quality of life profile of general Vietnamese population using EQ-5D-5LLong Hoang Nguyen0Bach Xuan Tran1Quynh Ngoc Hoang Le2Tung Thanh Tran3Carl A. Latkin4School of Medicine and Pharmacy, Vietnam National UniversityInstitute for Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Hanoi Medical UniversityFaculty of Pharmacy, Duy Tan UniversityInstitute for Global Health Innovations, Duy Tan UniversityJohns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, United States of AmericaAbstract Background Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) is a vital benchmark to assess the effects of health interventions and policies. Measuring HRQOL of the general population is essential to establish a reference for health outcomes evaluations. However, evidence on HRQOL of general populations in low and middle income countries is very limited. This study aimed to measure HRQOL of the Vietnamese population by using the EuroQol-5 dimensions-5 levels (EQ-5D-5L) instrument and determine its associated factors. Methods A cross-sectional study was performed in Hanoi with 1571 residences in Hanoi, the capital city of Vietnam. EQ-5D-5L and EQ- visual analogue scale (EQ-VAS) were used to assess HRQOL. Potential covariates included socio-demographic characteristics, having acute symptoms in the last four weeks, chronic diseases in the last three months, having multiple health issues, and health service utilisation in the last twelve months. A generalized linear model was employed to identify the association between HRQOL and covariates. Results Overall, the mean EQ-5D utility index was 0.91 (SD = 0.15), and the mean EQ-VAS score was 87.4 (SD = 14.3). The highest proportion of respondents reporting any problems was in Usual activities (24.3%), followed by Anxiety/Depression (15.2%) and Pain/Discomfort (10.0%), while the lowest percentage was in Self-care (2.5%). Lower HRQOL composite scores were related to unemployment, lower income, higher education, living in urban areas, having chronic diseases, having multiple health issues and using health service. For any health problem self-reported by respondents, the health utility reduced by 0.02 (respiratory diseases) to 0.15 (musculoskeletal diseases). Conclusions Health utility of the general population and reductions for self-reported health problems in this study are useful for future population health evaluations and comparisons. It also informs the development of interventions to reduce health problems of the general population.http://link.springer.com/article/10.1186/s12955-017-0771-0EQ-5D-5LHealth-related quality of lifePopulationNormsVietnam
collection DOAJ
language English
format Article
sources DOAJ
author Long Hoang Nguyen
Bach Xuan Tran
Quynh Ngoc Hoang Le
Tung Thanh Tran
Carl A. Latkin
spellingShingle Long Hoang Nguyen
Bach Xuan Tran
Quynh Ngoc Hoang Le
Tung Thanh Tran
Carl A. Latkin
Quality of life profile of general Vietnamese population using EQ-5D-5L
Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
EQ-5D-5L
Health-related quality of life
Population
Norms
Vietnam
author_facet Long Hoang Nguyen
Bach Xuan Tran
Quynh Ngoc Hoang Le
Tung Thanh Tran
Carl A. Latkin
author_sort Long Hoang Nguyen
title Quality of life profile of general Vietnamese population using EQ-5D-5L
title_short Quality of life profile of general Vietnamese population using EQ-5D-5L
title_full Quality of life profile of general Vietnamese population using EQ-5D-5L
title_fullStr Quality of life profile of general Vietnamese population using EQ-5D-5L
title_full_unstemmed Quality of life profile of general Vietnamese population using EQ-5D-5L
title_sort quality of life profile of general vietnamese population using eq-5d-5l
publisher BMC
series Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
issn 1477-7525
publishDate 2017-10-01
description Abstract Background Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) is a vital benchmark to assess the effects of health interventions and policies. Measuring HRQOL of the general population is essential to establish a reference for health outcomes evaluations. However, evidence on HRQOL of general populations in low and middle income countries is very limited. This study aimed to measure HRQOL of the Vietnamese population by using the EuroQol-5 dimensions-5 levels (EQ-5D-5L) instrument and determine its associated factors. Methods A cross-sectional study was performed in Hanoi with 1571 residences in Hanoi, the capital city of Vietnam. EQ-5D-5L and EQ- visual analogue scale (EQ-VAS) were used to assess HRQOL. Potential covariates included socio-demographic characteristics, having acute symptoms in the last four weeks, chronic diseases in the last three months, having multiple health issues, and health service utilisation in the last twelve months. A generalized linear model was employed to identify the association between HRQOL and covariates. Results Overall, the mean EQ-5D utility index was 0.91 (SD = 0.15), and the mean EQ-VAS score was 87.4 (SD = 14.3). The highest proportion of respondents reporting any problems was in Usual activities (24.3%), followed by Anxiety/Depression (15.2%) and Pain/Discomfort (10.0%), while the lowest percentage was in Self-care (2.5%). Lower HRQOL composite scores were related to unemployment, lower income, higher education, living in urban areas, having chronic diseases, having multiple health issues and using health service. For any health problem self-reported by respondents, the health utility reduced by 0.02 (respiratory diseases) to 0.15 (musculoskeletal diseases). Conclusions Health utility of the general population and reductions for self-reported health problems in this study are useful for future population health evaluations and comparisons. It also informs the development of interventions to reduce health problems of the general population.
topic EQ-5D-5L
Health-related quality of life
Population
Norms
Vietnam
url http://link.springer.com/article/10.1186/s12955-017-0771-0
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