Knowledge on postnatal care among postpartum mothers during discharge in maternity hospitals in Asmara: a cross-sectional study

Abstract Background The early postnatal period is a dangerous time for both mother and baby where morbidity and mortality are highly prevalent if proper care is not done. Post natal care (PNC) knowledge has significant role in reducing such complications. In this study, the knowledge of postpartum m...

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Main Authors: Ghirmay Ghebreigziabher Beraki, Eyasu H. Tesfamariam, Amanuel Gebremichael, Berhanemeskel Yohannes, Kessete Haile, Shewit Tewelde, Simret Goitom
Format: Article
Language:English
Published: BMC 2020-01-01
Series:BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Subjects:
Online Access:https://doi.org/10.1186/s12884-019-2694-8
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spelling doaj-ff94450b314a42c6b23f59b880742f5f2021-01-10T12:26:39ZengBMCBMC Pregnancy and Childbirth1471-23932020-01-0120111010.1186/s12884-019-2694-8Knowledge on postnatal care among postpartum mothers during discharge in maternity hospitals in Asmara: a cross-sectional studyGhirmay Ghebreigziabher Beraki0Eyasu H. Tesfamariam1Amanuel Gebremichael2Berhanemeskel Yohannes3Kessete Haile4Shewit Tewelde5Simret Goitom6Department of Nursing, Orotta College of Medicine and Health SciencesDepartment of Statistics, Biostatistics and Epidemiology Unit, College of Science, Eritrea Institute of TechnologyDepartment of Nursing, Orotta College of Medicine and Health SciencesDepartment of Nursing, Orotta College of Medicine and Health SciencesDepartment of Nursing, Orotta College of Medicine and Health SciencesDepartment of Nursing, Orotta College of Medicine and Health SciencesDepartment of Nursing, Orotta College of Medicine and Health SciencesAbstract Background The early postnatal period is a dangerous time for both mother and baby where morbidity and mortality are highly prevalent if proper care is not done. Post natal care (PNC) knowledge has significant role in reducing such complications. In this study, the knowledge of postpartum mothers on PNC and its determinants were determined. Methods A cross-sectional quantitative study was conducted in postpartum mothers (PpM) who attended all maternal delivery services in Asmara. Data was collected by a structured questionnaire. All (n = 250) PpM who gave birth in December, 2017 were included in the study. Independent samples t-test and one way ANOVA were used to compare the scores in knowledge across categories of background characteristics using SPSS. Bonferroni post-hoc test was performed for variables that were found to be significant while using ANOVA tool. P-values less than 0.05 were considered as significant. Results The percentage of PpM who cited vaginal bleeding, as a maternal danger sign, and fever, as a baby danger sign, were 83.2 and 58.8%, respectively. The majority (96%) of PpM responded the correct answer on where to go if they note any danger signs. In addition, more than nine tenth of PpM correctly identified injectable contraceptives (92.7%) and oral contraceptive (91.5%). The percentages of knowledge in recognizing the necessary nutrients ranged from 87.6% for carbohydrates to 46% for minerals. The percentages of correct knowledge regarding first baby bath, frequency of breast feeding, umbilical care, duration of exclusive breast feeding, need and purpose of vaccine were 40.1, 81.9, 77.4, 94.8, and 99.2% respectively. The mean PNC knowledge score was 24.89/60. The score of knowledge on postnatal care was found to significantly differ across the categories of residence (p < 0.001) and ethnicity (p = 0.015). An increasing trend of knowledge score was observed with increase in age group (p < 0.001), educational level (p = 0.021), gravida (p < 0.001) and para (p < 0.001). Conclusion Considerable gaps in knowledge regarding postnatal care among postpartum mothers were evident. Special attention should be laid on rural residents, single/living together, junior/below in educational level, primigravida/para, non-Tigrigna ethnicity, and 17 to 25 years old mothers.https://doi.org/10.1186/s12884-019-2694-8KnowledgePostpartum mothersPostnatal care
collection DOAJ
language English
format Article
sources DOAJ
author Ghirmay Ghebreigziabher Beraki
Eyasu H. Tesfamariam
Amanuel Gebremichael
Berhanemeskel Yohannes
Kessete Haile
Shewit Tewelde
Simret Goitom
spellingShingle Ghirmay Ghebreigziabher Beraki
Eyasu H. Tesfamariam
Amanuel Gebremichael
Berhanemeskel Yohannes
Kessete Haile
Shewit Tewelde
Simret Goitom
Knowledge on postnatal care among postpartum mothers during discharge in maternity hospitals in Asmara: a cross-sectional study
BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Knowledge
Postpartum mothers
Postnatal care
author_facet Ghirmay Ghebreigziabher Beraki
Eyasu H. Tesfamariam
Amanuel Gebremichael
Berhanemeskel Yohannes
Kessete Haile
Shewit Tewelde
Simret Goitom
author_sort Ghirmay Ghebreigziabher Beraki
title Knowledge on postnatal care among postpartum mothers during discharge in maternity hospitals in Asmara: a cross-sectional study
title_short Knowledge on postnatal care among postpartum mothers during discharge in maternity hospitals in Asmara: a cross-sectional study
title_full Knowledge on postnatal care among postpartum mothers during discharge in maternity hospitals in Asmara: a cross-sectional study
title_fullStr Knowledge on postnatal care among postpartum mothers during discharge in maternity hospitals in Asmara: a cross-sectional study
title_full_unstemmed Knowledge on postnatal care among postpartum mothers during discharge in maternity hospitals in Asmara: a cross-sectional study
title_sort knowledge on postnatal care among postpartum mothers during discharge in maternity hospitals in asmara: a cross-sectional study
publisher BMC
series BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
issn 1471-2393
publishDate 2020-01-01
description Abstract Background The early postnatal period is a dangerous time for both mother and baby where morbidity and mortality are highly prevalent if proper care is not done. Post natal care (PNC) knowledge has significant role in reducing such complications. In this study, the knowledge of postpartum mothers on PNC and its determinants were determined. Methods A cross-sectional quantitative study was conducted in postpartum mothers (PpM) who attended all maternal delivery services in Asmara. Data was collected by a structured questionnaire. All (n = 250) PpM who gave birth in December, 2017 were included in the study. Independent samples t-test and one way ANOVA were used to compare the scores in knowledge across categories of background characteristics using SPSS. Bonferroni post-hoc test was performed for variables that were found to be significant while using ANOVA tool. P-values less than 0.05 were considered as significant. Results The percentage of PpM who cited vaginal bleeding, as a maternal danger sign, and fever, as a baby danger sign, were 83.2 and 58.8%, respectively. The majority (96%) of PpM responded the correct answer on where to go if they note any danger signs. In addition, more than nine tenth of PpM correctly identified injectable contraceptives (92.7%) and oral contraceptive (91.5%). The percentages of knowledge in recognizing the necessary nutrients ranged from 87.6% for carbohydrates to 46% for minerals. The percentages of correct knowledge regarding first baby bath, frequency of breast feeding, umbilical care, duration of exclusive breast feeding, need and purpose of vaccine were 40.1, 81.9, 77.4, 94.8, and 99.2% respectively. The mean PNC knowledge score was 24.89/60. The score of knowledge on postnatal care was found to significantly differ across the categories of residence (p < 0.001) and ethnicity (p = 0.015). An increasing trend of knowledge score was observed with increase in age group (p < 0.001), educational level (p = 0.021), gravida (p < 0.001) and para (p < 0.001). Conclusion Considerable gaps in knowledge regarding postnatal care among postpartum mothers were evident. Special attention should be laid on rural residents, single/living together, junior/below in educational level, primigravida/para, non-Tigrigna ethnicity, and 17 to 25 years old mothers.
topic Knowledge
Postpartum mothers
Postnatal care
url https://doi.org/10.1186/s12884-019-2694-8
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