The Effect of Single Sandstone Stacking Pattern on the Sandstone Reservoir Physical Properties—A Case Study from the Shanxi Formation in the Daniudi Area, Northeastern Ordos Basin

The role of the single sandstone stacking pattern in controlling the physical properties of the sandstones deposited in the distribution channels of the deltaic plain is unclear. This study aims to reveal the effect of the single sandstone packing patterns on the reservoir qualities of sandstones fr...

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Bibliographic Details
Main Authors: Fu, M. (Author), Guo, H. (Author), He, Y. (Author), Lan, H. (Author), Ling, C. (Author)
Format: Article
Language:English
Published: MDPI 2022
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Online Access:View Fulltext in Publisher
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Summary:The role of the single sandstone stacking pattern in controlling the physical properties of the sandstones deposited in the distribution channels of the deltaic plain is unclear. This study aims to reveal the effect of the single sandstone packing patterns on the reservoir qualities of sandstones from the Shanxi Formation in the Daniudi gas field of Ordos Basin. Based on the core observation, 2D-image analysis, and thin section identification, the lithofacies were identified, the stacking patterns of the single sandbody were divided, and the differences in minerals composition and diagen-esis of different sandstone stacking patterns were analyzed. According to the sedimentary facies analysis, 10 types of lithofacies have been identified in the Shanxi Formation in the study area. The single sandstone stacking patterns include mixed stacking patterns of coarse to medium-grained sandstone, fining upwards stacking patterns of coarse-to medium-grained sandstone, and coarsen-ing upwards stacking patterns of fine-to coarse-grained sandstone. Among these single sandstone stacking patterns, there is a greater percentage of lithofacies with high reservoir quality in the fining upwards stacking patterns of coarse-to medium-grained sandstone. Through a comparative study of the differences in minerals composition, the degree of compaction, and dissolution of sandstones, it is suggested that the high porosities and permeabilities of the coarse-to medium-grained sandstone lithofacies in the fining upwards stacking patterns are caused by the low content of the matrix in sandstone, relatively weak compaction, relatively high amounts of primary pores, and strong dissolution. The relatively high content of rigid clastic particles with coarser-grained size was favorable for the preservation of primary pores. The relatively high primary porosity could provide favorable passages for the late diagenetic fluid, leading to the development of dissolved pores. The study can provide an important basis for the exploration of high-quality sandstone reservoirs in the distributary channels of the delta plain. © 2022 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
ISBN:19961073 (ISSN)
DOI:10.3390/en15134740