Relationship Between Halitosis and Periodontitis: a Pilot Study
Objective: Halitosis, or oral malodour, is an unpleasant smell emanating from the oral cavity. It is a common complaint among patients with periodontitis, however, their relationship is not fully elucidated. This study aimed to evaluate the association between halitosis measures, clinical indicators...
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University of Zagreb. School of Dental Medicine
|Acta Stomatologica Croatica
|Objective: Halitosis, or oral malodour, is an unpleasant smell emanating from the oral cavity. It is a common complaint among patients with periodontitis, however, their relationship is not fully elucidated. This study aimed to evaluate the association between halitosis measures, clinical indicators of periodontitis and tongue coating, as well as a novel measure, periodontal inflamed surface area (PISA). Material and methods: Data of 10 patients with periodontitis and halitosis were included in this study. Halitosis was assessed by the organoleptic method and the portable sulphide monitor, measuring volatiles sulphur compounds. A comprehensive periodontal examination was conducted, and the parameters of probing depth, gingival recession, clinical attachment level, bleeding on probing, plaque and tongue coating were registered. The PISA was calculated using clinical attachment level, gingival recession and bleeding on probing. Results: A correlation between organoleptic score and tongue coating (r=0.554) and plaque (r=0.614) could be observed. No correlation between measures of halitosis and probing depth or the PISA could be detected. A significant correlation was found between organoleptic scores and volatiles sulphur compounds values (r=0.931). Conclusion: This pilot study has shown and further reiterated a complex interplay between different factors causative to halitosis in patients affected by periodontitis. The results suggest that tongue coating and oral hygiene may have an important role in halitosis in patients with periodontitis.