Analysis of translation and angular motion in loaded and unloaded positions in the lumbar spine

Background Context: Abnormalities in intervertebral rotation and translation are important to diagnosis and treatment planning for common spinal disorders. Tests that do not sufficiently load the spine can result in mis-diagnosed motion abnormalities. Upright flexion and extension x-rays are commonl...

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Bibliographic Details
Main Authors: Jacob Braunstein, MD, John A. Hipp, PhD, Robert Browning, MD, Trevor F. Grieco, PhD, Charles A. Reitman, MD
Format: Article
Published: Elsevier 2020-12-01
Series:North American Spine Society Journal
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