Role-playing versus Conventional Strategy in Midwifery Clinical Education on Breast Self-examination: A Quasi-Experimental Study
Introduction: Iranian women develop breast cancer 10 years earlier than those in developed countries. Breast SelfExamination (BSE) is a useful screening tool. The emphasis on counseling and training is given to promote breast health in the society by midwives. There is a need to educate students...
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JCDR Research and Publications Private Limited
|Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research
|Introduction: Iranian women develop breast cancer 10
years earlier than those in developed countries. Breast SelfExamination (BSE) is a useful screening tool. The emphasis on
counseling and training is given to promote breast health in the
society by midwives. There is a need to educate students with
the necessary skills in this area.
Aim: To compare the impact of role-playing versus conventional
strategy on midwifery student’s skills, and subsequently on their
clients' knowledge, skills, and health beliefs about BSE.
Materials and Methods: This quasi-experimental study was
conducted in two parts. At first, 32 students were equally divided
as the role-playing and conventional groups. After educational
intervention, the skills of the students in BSE counseling
and training were evaluated by a checklist. Then, through
convenience sampling, 60 women were equally divided in the
experimental and control groups. The experimental group was
taught by role-playing group of students and the control group
was taught by conventional group of students. The women’s
BSE health beliefs, skills, and knowledge were compared
before and after education to demonstrate the impact of the
students' skills. The women filled out the BSE health beliefs
questionnaires. The BSE knowledge questionnaires and the
BSE skills checklists were completed by the student through
interview and observation respectively. The data were analysed
on 5% error using software SPSS-version 16.0.
Results: According to the results, the mean score of students'
skills in the role-playing group was significantly higher than
that of the conventional group (p<0.001) in BSE education and
counseling. The results also showed that the women trained
by the role-playing group of students had dramatically higher
scores (p<0.001) in health beliefs, skills and knowledge about
Conclusion: Role-playing strategy can improve the midwifery
student’s counseling and training skills. So, they could be
effective in development of women’s knowledge, skills and
health beliefs about BSE.