Molar and Incisor Hypomineralization

Molar and incisor hypomineralization is a developmental defect that is systemic in origin that affects one or more than one permanent first molars, and is often associated with permanent incisors. It is usually characterized by well demarcated opacities and qualitative enamel defects caused by decr...

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Main Author: Basim Almulhim
Format: Article
Language:English
Published: Nepal Medical Association 2021-03-01
Series:Journal of Nepal Medical Association
Subjects:
Online Access:https://www.jnma.com.np/jnma/index.php/jnma/article/view/6343
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spelling doaj-d506a98f04244019853b4243e776ea592021-04-06T13:37:43ZengNepal Medical AssociationJournal of Nepal Medical Association0028-27151815-672X2021-03-015923510.31729/jnma.6343Molar and Incisor HypomineralizationBasim Almulhim0Department of Preventive Dental Sciences, College of Dentistry, Majmaah University, Al-Majmaah, 11952, Saudi Arabia Molar and incisor hypomineralization is a developmental defect that is systemic in origin that affects one or more than one permanent first molars, and is often associated with permanent incisors. It is usually characterized by well demarcated opacities and qualitative enamel defects caused by decreased inorganic enamel components, and reduced mineralization. It can cause esthetic, functional, psychological, and behavioral problems in children. Its reported prevalence varies widely, from 2.5% to 40.2%. Multiple aspects of dental treatment for it are challenging, such as behavior management, difficulty in achieving adequate local anesthesia, tooth hypersensitivity, and retention of restorations. This review discusses the most important considerations pertaining to its prevalence, severity, etiology, differential diagnosis, and some of the challenges and treatment modalities applicable in young patients. Data is collected from PubMed, Medline, and Embase databases. https://www.jnma.com.np/jnma/index.php/jnma/article/view/6343developmental defects; enamel hypoplasia; hypersensitivity; molar incisor hypomineralization
collection DOAJ
language English
format Article
sources DOAJ
author Basim Almulhim
spellingShingle Basim Almulhim
Molar and Incisor Hypomineralization
Journal of Nepal Medical Association
developmental defects; enamel hypoplasia; hypersensitivity; molar incisor hypomineralization
author_facet Basim Almulhim
author_sort Basim Almulhim
title Molar and Incisor Hypomineralization
title_short Molar and Incisor Hypomineralization
title_full Molar and Incisor Hypomineralization
title_fullStr Molar and Incisor Hypomineralization
title_full_unstemmed Molar and Incisor Hypomineralization
title_sort molar and incisor hypomineralization
publisher Nepal Medical Association
series Journal of Nepal Medical Association
issn 0028-2715
1815-672X
publishDate 2021-03-01
description Molar and incisor hypomineralization is a developmental defect that is systemic in origin that affects one or more than one permanent first molars, and is often associated with permanent incisors. It is usually characterized by well demarcated opacities and qualitative enamel defects caused by decreased inorganic enamel components, and reduced mineralization. It can cause esthetic, functional, psychological, and behavioral problems in children. Its reported prevalence varies widely, from 2.5% to 40.2%. Multiple aspects of dental treatment for it are challenging, such as behavior management, difficulty in achieving adequate local anesthesia, tooth hypersensitivity, and retention of restorations. This review discusses the most important considerations pertaining to its prevalence, severity, etiology, differential diagnosis, and some of the challenges and treatment modalities applicable in young patients. Data is collected from PubMed, Medline, and Embase databases.
topic developmental defects; enamel hypoplasia; hypersensitivity; molar incisor hypomineralization
url https://www.jnma.com.np/jnma/index.php/jnma/article/view/6343
work_keys_str_mv AT basimalmulhim molarandincisorhypomineralization
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