Letter by Namboodiri Regarding Article, "A Narrow QRS Complex Tachycardia With Apparently Concentric Retrograde Atrial Activation Sequence" - Alternative Mechanisms

Read with interest the article by Arias et al on a case of orthodromic atrioventricular reentry (ORT) mediated through the left free wall (LFW) accessory pathway(AP) with an apparently concentric atrial activation sequence [1]. Based on the observation that the atrial signals during the tachycardia...

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Main Author: Narayanan Namboodiri
Format: Article
Language:English
Published: Elsevier 2009-07-01
Series:Indian Pacing and Electrophysiology Journal
Subjects:
Online Access:http://www.ipej.org/0904/namboodiri.htm
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spelling doaj-df27eb3a6b12445f8ddfa7e6d857cd572020-11-25T00:27:28ZengElsevierIndian Pacing and Electrophysiology Journal0972-62922009-07-0194211212Letter by Namboodiri Regarding Article, "A Narrow QRS Complex Tachycardia With Apparently Concentric Retrograde Atrial Activation Sequence" - Alternative MechanismsNarayanan NamboodiriRead with interest the article by Arias et al on a case of orthodromic atrioventricular reentry (ORT) mediated through the left free wall (LFW) accessory pathway(AP) with an apparently concentric atrial activation sequence [1]. Based on the observation that the atrial signals during the tachycardia were earlier in the His bundle (HB, anterosuperior septum) compared to the proximal coronary sinus (CS, posteroinferior septum), the authors proposed a de novo conduction delay at lateral mitral isthmus (LMI) in this case. However, the electrophysiological correlates of local conduction delay - fractionated electrograms or double potentials - were not documented across LMI to substantiate this. Though the retroaortic route potentially limited recording the endocardial atrial signals, no marked delay in the atrial electrograms between the adjacent CS bipoles was recorded even while CS was deeply cannulated. During ORT, prolonged local VA intervals in mid/proximal, but not in distal CS, bipoles could also represent a conduction delay in the posteroinferior left atrium (LA) immediately medial to the AP insertion. The given intracardiac tracings do not suggest this either. Furthermore, achieving a block across LMI is often difficult during ablative procedures due to the thickened local atrial tissue and /or blood flow of adjacent CS. In a large study, this necessitated epicaridal (inside CS) as well as endocardial ablation in 68%, and radiofrequency delivery exceeding 30 minutes in 20% of cases [2]. These characteristics do make a de novo conduction delay across LMI unlikely in an otherwise normal heart. Authors could have attempted atrial pacing at decremental cycle lengths through the distal CS bipole positioned lateral to LMI to unmask a potential functional delay across LMI and substantiate their hypothesis. This is expected to result in progressive displacement of the collision point of clockwise and anticlockwise impulses in the posteroinferior LA, finally leading to complete reversal of the atrial activation sequence recorded in CS bipoles medial to LMI, in presence of the proposed functional conduction delay at LMI.http://www.ipej.org/0904/namboodiri.htmSupraventricular tachycardiaaccessory pathwaycatheter ablation
collection DOAJ
language English
format Article
sources DOAJ
author Narayanan Namboodiri
spellingShingle Narayanan Namboodiri
Letter by Namboodiri Regarding Article, "A Narrow QRS Complex Tachycardia With Apparently Concentric Retrograde Atrial Activation Sequence" - Alternative Mechanisms
Indian Pacing and Electrophysiology Journal
Supraventricular tachycardia
accessory pathway
catheter ablation
author_facet Narayanan Namboodiri
author_sort Narayanan Namboodiri
title Letter by Namboodiri Regarding Article, "A Narrow QRS Complex Tachycardia With Apparently Concentric Retrograde Atrial Activation Sequence" - Alternative Mechanisms
title_short Letter by Namboodiri Regarding Article, "A Narrow QRS Complex Tachycardia With Apparently Concentric Retrograde Atrial Activation Sequence" - Alternative Mechanisms
title_full Letter by Namboodiri Regarding Article, "A Narrow QRS Complex Tachycardia With Apparently Concentric Retrograde Atrial Activation Sequence" - Alternative Mechanisms
title_fullStr Letter by Namboodiri Regarding Article, "A Narrow QRS Complex Tachycardia With Apparently Concentric Retrograde Atrial Activation Sequence" - Alternative Mechanisms
title_full_unstemmed Letter by Namboodiri Regarding Article, "A Narrow QRS Complex Tachycardia With Apparently Concentric Retrograde Atrial Activation Sequence" - Alternative Mechanisms
title_sort letter by namboodiri regarding article, "a narrow qrs complex tachycardia with apparently concentric retrograde atrial activation sequence" - alternative mechanisms
publisher Elsevier
series Indian Pacing and Electrophysiology Journal
issn 0972-6292
publishDate 2009-07-01
description Read with interest the article by Arias et al on a case of orthodromic atrioventricular reentry (ORT) mediated through the left free wall (LFW) accessory pathway(AP) with an apparently concentric atrial activation sequence [1]. Based on the observation that the atrial signals during the tachycardia were earlier in the His bundle (HB, anterosuperior septum) compared to the proximal coronary sinus (CS, posteroinferior septum), the authors proposed a de novo conduction delay at lateral mitral isthmus (LMI) in this case. However, the electrophysiological correlates of local conduction delay - fractionated electrograms or double potentials - were not documented across LMI to substantiate this. Though the retroaortic route potentially limited recording the endocardial atrial signals, no marked delay in the atrial electrograms between the adjacent CS bipoles was recorded even while CS was deeply cannulated. During ORT, prolonged local VA intervals in mid/proximal, but not in distal CS, bipoles could also represent a conduction delay in the posteroinferior left atrium (LA) immediately medial to the AP insertion. The given intracardiac tracings do not suggest this either. Furthermore, achieving a block across LMI is often difficult during ablative procedures due to the thickened local atrial tissue and /or blood flow of adjacent CS. In a large study, this necessitated epicaridal (inside CS) as well as endocardial ablation in 68%, and radiofrequency delivery exceeding 30 minutes in 20% of cases [2]. These characteristics do make a de novo conduction delay across LMI unlikely in an otherwise normal heart. Authors could have attempted atrial pacing at decremental cycle lengths through the distal CS bipole positioned lateral to LMI to unmask a potential functional delay across LMI and substantiate their hypothesis. This is expected to result in progressive displacement of the collision point of clockwise and anticlockwise impulses in the posteroinferior LA, finally leading to complete reversal of the atrial activation sequence recorded in CS bipoles medial to LMI, in presence of the proposed functional conduction delay at LMI.
topic Supraventricular tachycardia
accessory pathway
catheter ablation
url http://www.ipej.org/0904/namboodiri.htm
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