|BACKGROUND: Implant-restored patients with periodontitis have a higher risk of developing peri-implantitis, and helping them develop oral cleaning habits is significant. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of motivational interviewing based on the transtheoretical model on the modification of oral cleaning behaviors of implant-restored patients with periodontitis. METHODS: Patients with periodontitis (n= 70) who would receive dental implant treatment were included. And they were randomly divided into two groups: experimental (n= 35) and control (n= 35). Control patients received routine oral hygiene education, and those in the experimental group received motivational interviewing based on the transtheoretical model. Oral cleaning behavior was compared between the two groups before and after intervention. In addition, periodontal health status was compared on the day of implant restoration and three months later. RESULTS: Compared to the control, the experimental group demonstrated significantly better oral hygiene behavior after intervention (P< 0.05). Three months after implant restoration, significantly better results were obtained by the experimental group in terms of mPLI and mSBI (P< 0.05). CONCLUSION: Motivational interviewing based on the transtheoretical model can effectively improve the oral cleaning behavior and periodontal health of implant-restored patients with periodontitis.