From Steam Engines to Chemical Reactions: Gibbs’ Contribution to the Extension of the Second Law

The present work analyzes the foundations of Gibbs’ thermodynamic equilibrium theory, with the general aim of understanding how the Second Law—as formulated by Clausius in 1865—has been embodied into Gibbs’ formal system and extended to processes involving chemical reactions. We show that Gibbs’ pri...

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Bibliographic Details
Main Authors: Emilio Marco Pellegrino, Luigi Cerruti, Elena Ghibaudi
Format: Article
Published: MDPI AG 2016-04-01
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