Appraisal of Sulphonation Processes to Synthesize Palm Waste Biochar Catalysts for the Esterification of Palm Fatty Acid Distillate

Palm waste biochar (PWB) catalysts were synthesized as bio-based catalysts using different sulphonation methods. (NH<sub>4</sub>)<sub>2</sub>SO<sub>4</sub>, ClSO<sub>3</sub>H, and H<sub>2</sub>SO<sub>4</sub> were applied to func...

Full description

Bibliographic Details
Main Authors: Shehu-Ibrahim Akinfalabi, Umer Rashid, Robiah Yunus, Yun Hin Taufiq-Yap
Format: Article
Published: MDPI AG 2019-02-01
Online Access: