Combining culture and culture‐independent methods reveals new microbial composition of halitosis patients' tongue biofilm

Abstract Background Oral malodor is a very discomforting condition deriving from the presence of volatile sulfur compounds in the expired air. In halitosis of intraoral etiology, the volatile sulfur compounds are metabolic products of the oral microorganisms within the biofilm coating the tongue dor...

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Bibliographic Details
Main Authors: Sara Bernardi, Lamprini Karygianni, Andreas Filippi, Annette Carola Anderson, Andrea Zürcher, Elmar Hellwig, Kirstin Vach, Guido Macchiarelli, Ali Al‐Ahmad
Format: Article
Published: Wiley 2020-02-01
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