Caffeine and dobutamine challenge induces bidirectional ventricular tachycardia in normal rats

Background: Bidirectional ventricular tachycardia (BD-VT) is an intriguing arrhythmia, characterized by a beat-to-beat alternation of the QRS polarity on electrocardiogram. Currently there is no simple BD-VT animal model. Objective: We report a simple animal model of BD-VT induced by caffeine and do...

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Bibliographic Details
Main Authors: Chenyu Zhang, BS, Youhua Zhang, MD, PhD
Format: Article
Published: Elsevier 2020-12-01
Series:Heart Rhythm O2
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