Neuro-Muscular Dentistry: the “diamond” concept of electro-stimulation potential for stomato-gnathic and oro-dental conditions

Abstract Oro-Pharyngeal Dysphagia - or simply dysphagia - is the difficulty (persistent) in swallowing/passing food and/or liquid from the mouth to the pharynx into the esophagus and finally the stomach; a deglutition disorder (a symptom, by definition, often due to neuro-degenerative/−muscular, dru...

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Bibliographic Details
Main Authors: Catalina P. Sandoval-Munoz, Ziyad S. Haidar
Format: Article
Published: BMC 2021-01-01
Series:Head & Face Medicine
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