Environmental Tipping Points for Sperm Motility, Fertilization, and Embryonic Development in the Crown-of-Thorns Starfish

For broadcast spawning invertebrates such as the crown-of-thorns starfish, early life history stages (from spawning to settlement) may be exposed to a wide range of environmental conditions, and could have a major bearing on reproductive success and population replenishment. Arrested development in...

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Bibliographic Details
Main Authors: Ciemon Frank Caballes, Morgan S. Pratchett, Maia L. Raymundo, Jairo A. Rivera-Posada
Format: Article
Published: MDPI AG 2017-02-01
Online Access:http://www.mdpi.com/1424-2818/9/1/10