Unilateral Direct Carotid Cavernous Fistula Causing Bilateral Ocular Manifestation

Unilateral carotid cavernous fistula presents with ipsilateral ocular findings. Bilateral presentation is only seen in bilateral fistulas, usually associated with indirect (dural) carotid cavernous fistulas. Direct carotid cavernous fistulas are an abnormal communication between the internal carotid...

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Bibliographic Details
Main Authors: Zeferino Demartini Jr., Fernando Liebert, Luana Antunes Maranha Gatto, Thiago Simiano Jung, Carlos Rocha Jr., Alex Marques Borges Santos, Gelson Luis Koppe
Format: Article
Published: Karger Publishers 2015-12-01
Series:Case Reports in Ophthalmology
Online Access:http://www.karger.com/Article/FullText/443141