Cigarette smoking dose as a predictor of need for surgical intervention in patients with lumbar disk herniation

Purpose: Numerous studies have investigated the significant relationship between sciatic pain, radiating lower back pain, lumbosacral radicular syndrome or other disk disorders and cigarette smoking; however, only few reports have demonstrated the relationship between the total smoking dose and lumb...

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Bibliographic Details
Main Authors: Shang-Lin Chiang, Chia-Huei Lin, Shih-Hung Tsai, Shin-Tsu Chang, Shiou-Ping Lin, Shou-Min Ni, Shun-Hwa Wei, Yung-Tsan Wu, Fu-Huang Lin, Liang-Cheng Chen
Format: Article
Published: Wolters Kluwer Medknow Publications 2014-01-01
Series:Journal of Medical Sciences
Online Access:;year=2014;volume=34;issue=1;spage=23;epage=29;aulast=Chiang